Onset of late posttraumatic seizure after dehydroepiandrosterone treatment.

Internal Medicine Department, Soroka University Medical Center, Beer-Sheva, Israel.
Fertility and sterility (Impact Factor: 3.97). 11/2008; 91(3):931.e1-2. DOI: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2008.08.115
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To describe the first reported case of a seizure in a patient using the dietary supplement DHEA in an attempt to improve ovarian oocyte production.
Case report.
University-affiliated teaching hospital, neurologic department.
A 30-year-old woman with fragile X syndrome and no history of any convulsive disorder who was receiving IVF treatment.
Daily treatment with the dietary supplement DHEA.
Generalized seizure.
After 1 month of DHEA treatment, the patient was admitted with a generalized seizure.
A generalized seizure, associated with concurrent intake of DHEA.

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    ABSTRACT: With infertility populations in the developed world rapidly aging, treatment of diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) assumes increasing clinical importance. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) has been reported to improve pregnancy chances with DOR, and is now utilized by approximately one third of all IVF centers world-wide. Increasing DHEA utilization and publication of a first prospectively randomized trial now warrants a systematic review. PubMed, Cochrane and Ovid Medline were searched between 1995 and 2010 under the following strategy: [ and ]. Bibliographies of relevant publications were further explored for additional relevant citations. Since only one randomized study has been published, publications, independent of evidence levels and quality assessment, were reviewed. Current best available evidence suggests that DHEA improves ovarian function, increases pregnancy chances and, by reducing aneuploidy, lowers miscarriage rates. DHEA over time also appears to objectively improve ovarian reserve. Recent animal data support androgens in promoting preantral follicle growth and reduction in follicle atresia. Improvement of oocyte/embryo quality with DHEA supplementation potentially suggests a new concept of ovarian aging, where ovarian environments, but not oocytes themselves, age. DHEA may, thus, represent a first agent beneficially affecting aging ovarian environments. Others can be expected to follow.
    Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 01/2011; 9:67. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Poor ovarian reserve and poor ovarian response presents a challenge to IVF centers. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) supplementation is increasingly being used by many IVF centers around the world in poor responders despite the lack of convincing data. We therefore examined the rationale for the use of DHEA in poor responders, address the relevant studies, present new data, and address its potential mechanisms of action. METHODS: All published articles on the role of DHEA in infertile women from 1990 to April 2013 were reviewed. RESULTS: Several studies have suggested an improvement in pregnancy rates with the use of DHEA. Potential mechanisms include improved follicular steroidogenesis, increased IGF-1, acting as a pre-hormone for follicular testosterone, reducing aneuploidy, and increasing AMH and antral follicle count. While the role of DHEA is intriguing, evidence-based recommendations are lacking. CONCLUSIONS: While nearly 25 % of IVF programs use DHEA currently, large randomized prospective trials are sorely needed. Until (and if) such trials are conducted, DHEA may be of benefit in suitable, well informed, and consented women with diminished ovarian reserve.
    Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics 06/2013; · 1.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract DHEA represents a promising option for the treatment of a large number of women who are really challenging for IVF specialists.
    J Fertiliz In Vitro. 01/2011; 1.