A novel CXCR4 antagonist for hematopoietic stem cell mobilization
Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation is a treatment option for hematological malignancies. Current mobilization regimes frequently result in inadequate numbers of HSC for transplant therefore alternative methods of mobilization are required.
The chemokine receptor CXCR4 and ligand SDF-1 are integrally involved in HSC homing and mobilization. Disruption of the SDF-1/CXCR4 axis by the CXCR4 anatagonist, plerixafor, is shown to improve HSC mobilization.
The molecular and in vivo pharmacology of plerixafor and subsequent clinical development is reviewed.
Preclinical studies demonstrate that plerixafor is a selective antagonist of CXCR4 and can rapidly mobilize HSC. Clinical trials demonstrated improved HSC mobilization when plerixafor was included in the mobilization regimen. These data suggest the potential for a significant role for plerixafor in hematological disease.
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