Article

Polyphenols excreted in urine as biomarkers of total polyphenol intake.

Nutrition & Food Science Department, XaRTA, Instituto de Investigaciónen Nutrición y Seguridad Alimentaria, Pharmacy School, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
Bioanalysis (Impact Factor: 3.03). 11/2012; 4(22):2705-13. DOI: 10.4155/bio.12.249
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Background: Nutritional biomarkers have several advantages in acquiring data for epidemiological and clinical studies over traditional dietary assessment tools, such as food frequency questionnaires. While food frequency questionnaires constitute a subjective methodology, biomarkers can provide a less biased and more accurate measure of specific nutritional intake. A precise estimation of polyphenol consumption requires blood or urine sample biomarkers, although their association is usually highly complex. Results: This article reviews recent research on urinary polyphenols as potential biomarkers of polyphenol intake, focusing on clinical and epidemiological studies. We also report a potentially useful methodology to assess total polyphenols in urine samples, which allows a rapid, simultaneous determination of total phenols in a large number of samples. Conclusion: This methodology can be applied in studies evaluating the utility of urinary polyphenols as markers of polyphenol intake, bioavailability and accumulation in the body.

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