The pH-dependence of the ability of Bgl2p to form fibrils was studied using synthetic peptides with potential amyloidogenic determinants (PADs) predicted in the Bgl2p sequence. Three PADs, FTIFVGV, SWNVLVA and NAFS, were selected on the basis of combination of computational algorithms. Peptides AEGFTIFVGV, VDSWNVLVAG and VMANAFSYWQ, containing these PADs, were synthesized. It was demonstrated that these peptides had an ability to fibrillate at pH values from 3.2 to 5.0. The PAD-containing peptides, except for VDSWNVLVAG, could fibrillate also at pH values from pH 5.0 to 7.6. We supposed that the ability of Bgl2p to form fibrils most likely depended on the coordination of fibrillation activity of the PAD-containing areas and Bgl2p could fibrillate at mild acid and neutral pH values and lose the ability to fibrillate with the increasing of pH values. It was demonstrated that Bgl2p was able to fibrillate at pH value 5.0, to form fibrils of various morphology at neutral pH values and lost the fibrillation ability at pH value 7.6. The results obtained allowed us to suggest a new simple approach for the isolation of Bgl2p from Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell wall.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The tendency of amyloid beta (Aβ42) peptide to misfold and aggregate into insoluble amyloid fibrils in Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been well documented. Accumulation of Aβ42 fibrils has been correlated with abnormal apoptosis and unscheduled cell division which can also trigger the death of neuronal cells, while oligomers can also exhibit similar activities. While investigations using chemically-synthesised Aβ42 peptide have become common practice, there appear to be differences in outcomes from different preparations. In order to resolve this inconsistency, we report two separate methods of preparing chemically-synthesized Aβ42 and we examined their effects in yeast. Hexafluoroisopropanol pretreatment caused toxicity while, ammonium hydroxide treated Aβ42 induced cell proliferation in both C. glabrata and S. cerevisiae. The hexafluoroisopropanol prepared Aβ42 had greater tendency to form amyloid on yeast cells as determined by thioflavin T staining followed by flow cytometry and microscopy. Both quiescent and non-quiescent cells were analysed by these methods of peptide preparation. Non-quiescent cells were susceptible to the toxicity of Aβ42compared with quiescent cells (p < 0.005). These data explain the discrepancy in the previous publications about the effects of chemically-synthesized Aβ42 on yeast cells. The effect of Aβ42 on yeast cells was independent of the size of the peptide aggregates. However, the Aβ42 pretreatment determined whether the molecular conformation of peptide resulted in proliferation or toxicity in yeast based assays.
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