Increased numbers of gastric-infiltrating mast cells and regulatory T cells are associated with tumor stage in gastric adenocarcinoma patients

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery and Minimal Invasive Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, P.R. China.
Oncology letters (Impact Factor: 1.55). 10/2012; 4(4):755-758. DOI: 10.3892/ol.2012.830
Source: PubMed


Mast cells (MCs) and regulatory T cells (Tregs) are the important components of the inflammatory infiltrating leukocytes in most malignant tumors. Our study was designed to investigate the infiltrating correlation between MCs and Tregs and clarify their prognostic significance in gastric cancer (GC). A total of 60 fresh GC tissues were collected and tumor-infiltrating leukocytes were isolated by gradient centrifugation. Tryptase and Foxp3 were used as markers for MCs and Tregs, respectively. The expression of tryptase and Foxp3 was determined in tumor-infiltrating leukocytes using flow cytometry. The expression of tryptase and Foxp3 were positively correlated. The increased infiltration of MCs correlated significantly with advanced stage of GC. The infiltration of MCs into the tumor may increase the number of Tregs. Tryptase is a promising marker to stratify GC patients into different risk groups.

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    • "Up to now, the role of MCs in gastric cancer angiogenesis has not been clarified completely. We have a lot of data about the angiogenic process and its drug targets in tumours [19, 20], but there are few data on the role of MCs in gastric cancer angiogenesis [14, 21]. In particular, in a study designed by Mukherjee et al. [22], the authors studied MCs density in patients with gastric ulcers, well-differentiated cancers, and poorly differentiated cancers. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Angiogenesis is a complex process involved in both growth and progression of several human and animal tumours. Tryptase is a serin protease stored in mast cells granules, which plays a role in tumour angiogenesis. Mast cells (MCs) can release tryptase following c-Kit receptor (c-KitR) activation. Method. In a series of 25 gastric cancer patients with stage T3N2-3M0 (by AJCC for Gastric Cancer 7th Edition), immunohistochemistry and image analysis methods were employed to evaluate in the tumour tissue the correlation between the number of mast cells positive to tryptase (MCPT), c-KitR expressing cells (c-KitR-EC), and microvascular density (MVD). Results. Data demonstrated a positive correlation between MCPT, c-KitR-EC, and MVD to each other. In tumour tissue the mean number of MCPT was 15, the mean number of c-KitR-EC was 20, and the mean number of MVD was 20. The Pearson test correlating MCPT and MVD, c-KitR-EC and MVD was significantly (r = 0.64, P = 0.001; r = 0.66, P = 0.041, resp.). Conclusion. In this pilot study, we suggest that MCPT and c-KitR-EC play a role in gastric cancer angiogenesis, so we think that several c-KitR or tryptase inhibitors such as gabexate mesilate and nafamostat mesilate might be evaluated in clinical trials as a new antiangiogenetic approach.
    Gastroenterology Research and Practice 11/2013; 2013(6):703163. DOI:10.1155/2013/703163 · 1.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The receptor for CCL22 is named CCR4 that preferentially is expressed on the regulatory T cells (Treg), and accordingly, CCL22 acts as a chemoattractant for the intratumoral Treg migration. The aim of this study was to evaluate the serum CCL22 levels and a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in chemokine gene, [2030 G/C (rs223818)], in patients with breast cancer. Blood samples were collected from 100 women with breast cancer before receiving chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or immunotherapy and 100 age-matched healthy women as a control group. The serum CCL22 levels were measured by ELISA. The DNA extracted and the SNP rs223818 determined by amplification refractory mutation system–polymerase chain reaction (ARMS–PCR) technique. The mean serum CCL22 levels in patients with breast cancer (2398.5 ± 123 Pg/mL) was significantly higher in comparison to healthy control group (974.2 ± 39.9 Pg/mL; P
    Tumor Biology 10/2014; 36(2). DOI:10.1007/s13277-014-2739-6 · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Literature data suggest that cells such as mast cells (MCs), are involved in angiogenesis. MCs can stimulate angiogenesis by releasing of several proangiogenic cytokines stored in their cytoplasm. In particular MCs can release tryptase, a potent in vivo and in vitro proangiogenic factor. Nevertheless few data are available concerning the role of MCs positive to tryptase in primary pancreatic cancer angiogenesis. This study analyzed MCs and angiogenesis in primary tumour tissue from patients affected by pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Method. A series of 31 PDAC patients with stage T2-3N0-1M0 (by AJCC for Pancreas Cancer Staging 7th Edition) was selected and then underwent surgery. Tumour tissue samples were evaluated by means of immunohistochemistry and image analysis methods in terms of number of MCs positive to tryptase (MCDPT), area occupied by MCs positive to tryptase (MCAPT), microvascular density (MVD), and endothelial area (EA). The above parameters were related to each other and to the main clinicopathological features. Results. A significant correlation between MCDPT, MCAPT, MVD, and EA group was found by Pearson’s 𝑡-test analysis (𝑟 ranged from 0.69 to 0.81; 𝑃 value ranged from 0.001 to 0.003). No other significant correlation was found. Conclusion. Our pilot data suggest that MCs positive to tryptase may play a role in PDAC angiogenesis and they could be further evaluated as a novel tumour biomarker and as a target of antiangiogenic therapy.
    Gastroenterology Research and Practice 11/2014; 2014(11). DOI:10.1155/2014/951957 · 1.75 Impact Factor

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