Relation between Eating Habits and a High Body Mass Index among Freshman Students: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Marmara Universitesi Saglik Bilimleri Fakultesi, Beslenme ve Diyetetik Bolumu, E-5 Uzeri Yanyol, Cevizli Kartal 34000 Istanbul, TURKEY. .
Journal of the American College of Nutrition (Impact Factor: 1.68). 06/2012; 31(3):167-74. DOI: 10.1080/07315724.2012.10720024
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study aimed to examine the relation between eating habits and a high body mass index (BMI) in first-year freshman university students and included 2525 freshman university students 18 to 22 years old from a Turkish population.
İn this study, 48% of the students were men. They were asked to complete a questionnaire on their dietary habits including the frequency of their consumption of individual food items, demographic data, and smoking habit.
The effects of eating habits on increased BMI (≥25) were analyzed. Of 2259 subjects included in the analyses, 322 were overweight or obese and 1937 had normal and thin BMI (<25). Multivariate analyses identified male gender, recent weight change, and high number of meals as independent predictors of obesity/overweight. Frequent consumptions of beer, alcoholic drinks other than beer and wine (e.g., spirits including whisky, gin, raki, vodka), coffee, tea, coke, red meat, variety meat, and eggs were associated with a significantly higher risk of obesity/overweight, whereas frequent consumption of snacks was associated with a low risk.
Findings of further studies, possibly taking into consideration the absolute quantities of consumption along with cultural and local issues, would guide the adoption of healthier feeding behaviors in this particular age group.

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    ABSTRACT: Background Obesity and the lifestyle characteristic of Indian society lead young people to conditions of potential cardiovascular risk. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of overweight/obesity and central obesity and its associated factors in a sample of Indian university students. Methods In a cross-sectional survey assessed anthropometric measurements and a self-administered questionnaire among a sample of randomly selected university students. The sample included 800 university students from non health (mainly sciences) courses Gitam University in India. The students were 541 (67.6%) males and 259 (32.4%) females in the age range of 17–20 years (M age 18.2 years, SD = 1.0). Results 37.5% were overweight or obese, 26.8% overweight (≥23–27.4 BMI) and 10.7% obese (≥27.5 kg/m2), 11.7% underweight (<18.5 kg/m2) and 16.4% central obesity (WC ≥90 cm for men and ≥80 cm for women). In multivariate analysis among men lack of non-organised religious activity (odds ratio = OR 0.85, confidence interval = CI 0.77–0.95), lower dietary risk knowledge (OR = 0.64, CI = 0.41–0.99), tobacco use (OR = 2.23, CI = 1.14–4.38), and suffering from depression (OR = 1.59, CI = 1.00–2.47) were associated with overweight/obesity, and younger age (OR = 0.32, CI = 0.12–0.90), lives away from parents or guardians (OR = 1.79, CI = 1.04–3.07), healthy dietary practices (OR = 1.95, CI = 1.02–3.72) and 9 or more hours sleep duration (OR = 0.28, CI = 0.09–0.96) were associated with central obesity. In bivariate analysis among women, lack of social support, lower dietary risk knowledge, tobacco use, and 9 or more hours sleep duration were associated with overweight/obesity and lives away from parents or guardians and abstinence from alcohol associated with central obesity. Conclusions The study found a high prevalence of overweight/obesity and central obesity. Several gender specific health risk practices were identified including lack of dietary risk knowledge, shorter sleep duration, living away from parents or guardians, tobacco use and lack of social support and religiousness that can be utilised in health promotion programmes.
    Obesity Research & Clinical Practice 11/2014; · 0.70 Impact Factor


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May 27, 2014