Relation between Eating Habits and a High Body Mass Index among Freshman Students: A Cross-Sectional Study

Marmara Universitesi Saglik Bilimleri Fakultesi, Beslenme ve Diyetetik Bolumu, E-5 Uzeri Yanyol, Cevizli Kartal 34000 Istanbul, TURKEY. .
Journal of the American College of Nutrition (Impact Factor: 1.45). 06/2012; 31(3):167-74. DOI: 10.1080/07315724.2012.10720024
Source: PubMed


This study aimed to examine the relation between eating habits and a high body mass index (BMI) in first-year freshman university students and included 2525 freshman university students 18 to 22 years old from a Turkish population.
İn this study, 48% of the students were men. They were asked to complete a questionnaire on their dietary habits including the frequency of their consumption of individual food items, demographic data, and smoking habit.
The effects of eating habits on increased BMI (≥25) were analyzed. Of 2259 subjects included in the analyses, 322 were overweight or obese and 1937 had normal and thin BMI (<25). Multivariate analyses identified male gender, recent weight change, and high number of meals as independent predictors of obesity/overweight. Frequent consumptions of beer, alcoholic drinks other than beer and wine (e.g., spirits including whisky, gin, raki, vodka), coffee, tea, coke, red meat, variety meat, and eggs were associated with a significantly higher risk of obesity/overweight, whereas frequent consumption of snacks was associated with a low risk.
Findings of further studies, possibly taking into consideration the absolute quantities of consumption along with cultural and local issues, would guide the adoption of healthier feeding behaviors in this particular age group.

Download full-text


Available from: Fatma Esra Gunes, Oct 06, 2015
483 Reads
  • Source
    • "This period has been called the " freshman 15 " because of the myth that the typical weight gain in the first year of university or college is fifteen pounds. This 15 lbs is a real myth as in most cases it is less but still consistently present (Boujut and Bruchon-Schweitzer, 2009; Crombie et al., 2009; Crombie et al., 2012; Economos et al., 2008; Freedman, 2010; Gropper et al., 2012a, 2012b; Gropper et al., 2009; Gunes et al., 2012; Holm-Denoma et al., 2008; Jung et al., 2008; Lloyd-Richardson et al., 2009; Mihalopoulos et al., 2008; Nies et al., 2012; Pliner and Saunders, 2008; Smith-Jackson and Reel, 2012; Thomas, 2006; Vella-Zarb and Elgar, 2009; Wansink et al., 2012; Yakusheva et al., 2011). During the freshman time period, many social forces act on students to change their feeding, drinking, and sporting behavior (Graham and Jones, 2002; Lowry et al., 2000; Rozin et al., 2003), which can have "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We determined body weight increase in first year Dutch college students. We had the objective to determine whether the awareness of the unhealthy lifestyle raised concerns and willingness to change habits. Methods: Body weight, heartbeat, BMI, body fat percentages, and blood pressure values were collected from 1095 students. Comprehensive statistical analysis was performed on the data. Results: The students had a mean weight gain of 1.1. kg and an average BMI gain of 0.35. Members of a student corps gained significantly more weight (1.6. ±. 3.1. kg) than non-members (1.0. ±. 2.5. kg), while students who are living independently gained an average of 0.5. kg more than students living with their parents ( p<. 0.05). Approximately 40% of the students changed their eating patterns and 30.7% of the students consumed more alcohol. Conclusions: Students experienced hindrance in physical exercise and mental well-being. Students with a high BMI without irregular eating habits were willing to change their lifestyle. However, students who had irregular lifestyles exhibited the lowest willingness to change their eating behaviors and to lose weight. Our study provides insight into means by which adolescents at high risk for weight gain can be approached to improve experienced quality of life.
    12/2015; 2:229-234. DOI:10.1016/j.pmedr.2015.03.008
  • Source
    • "Further prospective studies are warranted to understand whether social and health behaviours lead to overweight or obesity or vice versa. Finally, certain concepts identified in other studies to be related to overweight/obesity, such as body fat percentage [19], dietary history [12] [20], family history of hypertension, diabetes and obesity [7] [22] should be included in future stud- ies. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Obesity and the lifestyle characteristic of Indian society lead young people to conditions of potential cardiovascular risk. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of overweight/obesity and central obesity and its associated factors in a sample of Indian university students. Methods In a cross-sectional survey assessed anthropometric measurements and a self-administered questionnaire among a sample of randomly selected university students. The sample included 800 university students from non health (mainly sciences) courses Gitam University in India. The students were 541 (67.6%) males and 259 (32.4%) females in the age range of 17–20 years (M age 18.2 years, SD = 1.0). Results 37.5% were overweight or obese, 26.8% overweight (≥23–27.4 BMI) and 10.7% obese (≥27.5 kg/m2), 11.7% underweight (<18.5 kg/m2) and 16.4% central obesity (WC ≥90 cm for men and ≥80 cm for women). In multivariate analysis among men lack of non-organised religious activity (odds ratio = OR 0.85, confidence interval = CI 0.77–0.95), lower dietary risk knowledge (OR = 0.64, CI = 0.41–0.99), tobacco use (OR = 2.23, CI = 1.14–4.38), and suffering from depression (OR = 1.59, CI = 1.00–2.47) were associated with overweight/obesity, and younger age (OR = 0.32, CI = 0.12–0.90), lives away from parents or guardians (OR = 1.79, CI = 1.04–3.07), healthy dietary practices (OR = 1.95, CI = 1.02–3.72) and 9 or more hours sleep duration (OR = 0.28, CI = 0.09–0.96) were associated with central obesity. In bivariate analysis among women, lack of social support, lower dietary risk knowledge, tobacco use, and 9 or more hours sleep duration were associated with overweight/obesity and lives away from parents or guardians and abstinence from alcohol associated with central obesity. Conclusions The study found a high prevalence of overweight/obesity and central obesity. Several gender specific health risk practices were identified including lack of dietary risk knowledge, shorter sleep duration, living away from parents or guardians, tobacco use and lack of social support and religiousness that can be utilised in health promotion programmes.
    Obesity Research & Clinical Practice 11/2014; 8(6). DOI:10.1016/j.orcp.2013.12.003 · 1.18 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lifestyle habits of Thai society lead young people to conditions of potential cardiovascular risk. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of overweight/obese and underweight along with associated factors in a sample of Thai university students. Using a cross-sectional survey, we assessed anthropometric measurements and a self-administered questionnaire among university students selected by stratified random sampling. The sample included 860 undergraduate university students from Mae Fah Luang University in Thailand (27.3% males), with age ranging from 18 to 25 years (M=20.1, SD=1.3 years). Results indicated that the median BMI was 20.2, which was higher in men than in women. Overall, 21.5% were underweight (<18 BMI) and 20.8% were overweight (7.8% overweight [≥23 BMI] and 13% obese [≥25 BMI]). More men than women were overweight and obese, whereas more women than men were underweight. Multinomial logistic regression analyses revealed that among men, older age, trying to eat fibre, and trying to lose weight were associated with overweight or obesity and among women trying to lose weight, depression symptoms and normal sleep duration were associated with overweight or obesity. The risk of underweight was greater among men living off campus, having a high income background, and short sleep duration and among women with low physical activity and who were not trying to lose weight. Considering the large percentage of overweight and underweight found in this study and the associated possible negative health consequences, it is suggested to include information on the assessment of adequate weight in health promotion programmes. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier GmbH.
    Homo: internationale Zeitschrift fur die vergleichende Forschung am Menschen 01/2015; 66(2). DOI:10.1016/j.jchb.2014.11.002 · 0.96 Impact Factor