Capsule endoscopy in adult celiac disease: a potential role in equivocal cases of celiac disease?
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: There have been limited studies evaluating capsule endoscopy (CE) in equivocal celiac disease (CD). OBJECTIVE: To determine the role CE may have in equivocal CD cases, compared with patients with biopsy-proven and serology-proven CD who have persisting symptoms. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: A total of 62 patients with equivocal CD and 69 patients with nonresponsive CD. INTERVENTION: CE. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Diagnostic yield of CE in equivocal cases and accuracy of mucosal abnormality detection in patients with nonresponsive CD. RESULTS: Equivocal cases (n = 62) were divided into two subgroups: group A (antibody-negative villous atrophy, n = 32) and group B (Marsh 1-2 changes, n = 30). In group A, CE secured a diagnosis of CD or Crohn's disease in 28% (9/32), significantly higher than the diagnostic yield in group B (7%; P = .044). In patients with CD with persisting symptoms, significant CE findings were identified in 12% (8/69), including 2 cases of enteropathy-associated lymphoma, 4 type 1 refractory disease cases, 1 polypoidal mass histologically confirmed to be a fibroepithelial polyp, and 1 case of ulcerative jejunitis. This outcome was significantly lower than the diagnostic yield of CE in antibody-negative villous atrophy (P = .048). LIMITATIONS: Single center. CONCLUSION: There have been no previous reports systematically evaluating equivocal CD by using CE. The diagnostic yield of CE in patients with antibody-negative villous atrophy is better than that of CE in patients with CD with persisting symptoms. We advocate the use of CE in equivocal cases, particularly in patients with antibody-negative villous atrophy.
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ABSTRACT: Here, we review the clinical applications of small bowel capsule endoscopy. Moreover, we provide an outlook on the exceptional future developments of small bowel capsule endoscopy. We discuss clinical algorithms for diagnosis of small bowel diseases. Multiple studies have shown the potential of capsule endoscopy for identification of the bleeding source located in the small bowel and the increased diagnostic yield over radiographic studies. Capsule endoscopy could detect villous atrophy and severe complications in patients with nonresponsive celiac disease. In addition, small bowel capsule endoscopy was proven as a valid tool to diagnose polyps and tumors and Crohn's disease.
Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie 07/2014; 52(7):711-743. DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1366687 · 1.67 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The development of capsule endoscopy (CE) in 2001 has given gastroenterologists the opportunity to investigate the small bowel in a non-invasive way. CE is most commonly performed for obscure gastrointestinal bleeding, but other indications include diagnosis or follow-up of Crohn's disease, suspicion of a small bowel tumor, diagnosis and surveillance of hereditary polyposis syndromes, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-induced small bowel lesions and celiac disease. Almost fifteen years have passed since the release of the small bowel capsule. The purpose of this review is to offer the reader a brief but complete overview on small bowel CE anno 2014, including the technical and procedural aspects, the possible complications and the most important indications. We will end with some future perspectives of CE.