Dynamic study of yeast species and Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains during the spontaneous fermentations of Muscat blanc in Jingyang, China.
ABSTRACT The evolution of yeast species and Saccharomyces cerevisiae genotypes during spontaneous fermentations of Muscat blanc planted in 1957 in Jingyang region of China was followed in this study. Using a combination of colony morphology on Wallerstein Nutrient (WLN) medium, sequence analysis of the 26S rDNA D1/D2 domain and 5.8S-ITS-RFLP analysis, a total of 686 isolates were identified at the species level. The six species identified were S. cerevisiae, Hanseniaspora uvarum, Hanseniaspora opuntiae, Issatchenkia terricola, Pichia kudriavzevii (Issatchenkia orientalis) and Trichosporon coremiiforme. This is the first report of T. coremiiforme as an inhabitant of grape must. Three new colony morphologies on WLN medium and one new 5.8S-ITS-RFLP profile are described. Species of non-Saccharomyces, predominantly H. opuntiae, were found in early stages of fermentation. Subsequently, S. cerevisiae prevailed followed by large numbers of P. kudriavzevii that dominated at the end of fermentations. Six native genotypes of S. cerevisiae were determined by interdelta sequence analysis. Genotypes III and IV were predominant. As a first step in exploring untapped yeast resources of the region, this study is important for monitoring the yeast ecology in native fermentations and screening indigenous yeasts that will produce wines with regional characteristics.
- American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 02/2013; 65(1):109-116. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Mixed inoculation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains is used in winemaking for achieving high sensory quality of the wine. However, information on the diversity and population of yeasts during inoculated fermentation is very limited. In this study, we evaluated the effect of mixed inocula with different inoculation timing on the yeast commu-nity during fermentations of Cabernet Sauvignon. Grape must was inoculated with pure cultures of S. cerevisiae RC212 or S. cerevisiae R312, and simultaneous and sequential inocula-tion of both strains. Wallersterin Laboratory Nutrient (WLN) medium and sequence of the 26S rDNA D1/D2 domain were used to compare the diversity of yeast species. Five species, including Candida diversa, Hanseniaspora opuntiae, H. uvarum, Issatchenkia orientalis and I. terricola, were identified in the grape must, with Issatchenkia sp. being predominant (67.5 %). Three to four species were involved in each fermentation treatment. The fermentations by mixed inocula presented more yeast species than by pure inocula. Interdelta sequence typing was used to identify S. cerevisiae strains. Ten genotypes were identified among 322 isolated S. cerevisiae strains. Their distribution varied among different stages of fermentations and different inoculation treatments. The inoculated strains were not predominant, while indige-nous genotypes I, III, and V showed strong competitiveness during fermentation. In general, this study provided informa-tion on the change of population structure and genetic diversity of yeasts in fermentations inoculated with pure and mixed S. cerevisiae strains.Annals of Microbiology 08/2014; · 1.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aims of this work was to characterise indigenous Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains in the naturally fermented juice of grape varieties Cabernet Sauvignon, Grenache, Tempranillo, Sauvignon Blanc and Verdejo used in the São Francisco River Valley, northeastern Brazil. In this study, 155 S. cerevisiae and 60 non-Saccharomyces yeasts were isolated and identified using physiological tests and sequencing of the D1/D2 domains of the large subunit of the rRNA gene. Among the non-Saccharomyces species, Rhodotorula mucilaginosa was the most common species, followed by Pichia kudriavzevii, Candida parapsilosis, Meyerozyma guilliermondii, Wickerhamomyces anomalus, Kloeckera apis, P. manshurica, C. orthopsilosis and C. zemplinina. The population counts of these yeasts ranged among 1.0 to 19 × 10(5) cfu/mL. A total of 155 isolates of S. cerevisiae were compared by mitochondrial DNA restriction analysis, and five molecular mitochondrial DNA restriction profiles were detected. Indigenous strains of S. cerevisiae isolated from grapes of the São Francisco Valley can be further tested as potential starters for wine production.Brazilian Journal of Microbiology 01/2014; 45(2):411-6. · 0.45 Impact Factor