From early anatomical lesion studies to the molecular and cellular methods of today, a wealth of technologies have provided increasingly sophisticated strategies for identifying and characterizing the biological basis of behaviors. Bioinformatics is a growing discipline that has emerged from the practical needs of modern biology, and the history of systematics and ontology in data integration and scientific knowledge construction. This revolution in biology has resulted in a capability to couple the rich molecular, anatomical, and psychological assays with advances in data dissemination and integration. However, behavioral science poses unique challenges for biology and medicine, and many unique resources have been developed to take advantage of the strategies and technologies of an informatics approach. The collective developments of this diverse and interdisciplinary field span the fundamentals of database development and data integration, ontology development, text mining, genetics, genomics, high-throughput analytics, image analysis and archiving, and numerous others. For the behavioral sciences, this provides a fundamental shift in our ability to associate and dissociate behavioral processes and relate biological and behavioral entities, thereby pinpointing the biological basis of behavior.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Domatia of myrmecophytes have been reported only in vegetative organs so far. In this paper, we report the first record of domatia formed on the legume surface of Mucuna interrupta. The domatium consists of 12-16 vertical lamellae which traverse the fruit surface obliquely to form long, narrow hollows, providing two ant species with a nest site.
Journal of Plant Research 09/2004; 117(4):319-21. DOI:10.1007/s10265-004-0161-7 · 1.82 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: ■ Abstract Protective ant-plant interactions, important in both temperate and trop- ical communities, are increasingly used to study a wide range of phenomena of general interest. As antiherbivore defenses "worn on the outside," they pose fewer barriers to experimentation than do direct (e.g., chemical) plant defenses. This makes them tractable models to study resource allocation to defense and mechanisms regulating it. As multi-trophic level interactions varying in species specificity and impact on fitness of participants, ant-plant-herbivore associations figure prominently in studies of food-web structure and functioning. As horizontally transmitted mutualisms that are vulnerable to parasites and "cheaters," ant-plant symbioses are studied to probe the evolutionary dynamics of interspecies interactions. These symbioses, products of coevolution between plants and insect societies, offer rich material for studying ant social evolution in novel contexts, in settings where colony limits, resource supply, and nest-site availability are all more easily quantifiable than in the ground-nesting ants hitherto used as models.
Annual Review of Ecology Evolution and Systematics 11/2003; 34(1). DOI:10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.34.011802.132410 · 10.56 Impact Factor
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