Article

Strategies for improving perinatal depression treatment in North American outpatient obstetric settings.

Department of Psychiatry and Ob/Gyn.
Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology (Impact Factor: 1.23). 12/2012; 33(4):143-61. DOI: 10.3109/0167482X.2012.728649
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify core barriers and facilitators to addressing perinatal depression and review clinical, programmatic, and system level interventions that may optimize perinatal depression treatment. Method: Eighty-four MEDLINE/PubMed searches were conducted using the terms perinatal depression, postpartum depression, antenatal depression, and prenatal depression in association with 21 other terms. Of 7768 papers yielded in the search, we identified 49 papers on barriers and facilitators, and 17 papers on interventions in obstetric settings aimed to engage women and/or providers in treatment. Results: Barriers include stigma, lack of obstetric provider training, lack of resources and limited access to mental health treatment. Facilitators include validating and empowering women during interactions with health care providers, obstetric provider and staff training, standardized screening and referral processes, and improved mental health resources. Conclusion: Specific clinical, program, and system level changes are recommended to help change the culture of obstetric care settings to optimize depression treatment.

1 Follower
 · 
141 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Depression, a frequent concomitant disorder in multiple sclerosis (MS), can impact MS treatment adherence and quality of life. Depression screening in MS care settings may facilitate needed intervention when providers are responsive to screening findings. This study sought to examine the relationship between depression screening results and provider depression treatment recommendations documented in the medical records of 283 patients receiving care in an integrated MS clinic. Forty-six percent of patients screening positive for depression received a treatment recommendation; females, those with past mental health diagnoses, on psychotropic medications, and those with higher symptom severity were more likely to receive a treatment recommendation. On subsequent screenings, patients reported fewer depressive symptoms regardless of whether a formal treatment recommendation was documented. These findings suggest that while depression screening does lead to depression related intervention in many cases, more research is necessary to determine who is most likely to benefit and under what conditions.
    Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings 09/2014; DOI:10.1007/s10880-014-9409-0 · 1.49 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: At prevalence rates of up to 40%, rates of depression and anxiety among women with medically complex pregnancies are 3 times greater than those in community-based samples of pregnant women. However, mental health care is not a component of routine hospital-based antenatal care for medically high-risk pregnant women. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of the hospital-based implementation of a Web-based integrated mental health intervention comprising psychosocial assessment, referral, and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for antenatal inpatients. This study is a quasi-experimental design. Pregnant women are eligible to participate if they are (1) <37 weeks gestation, (2) admitted to the antenatal inpatient unit for >72 hours, (3) able to speak and read English or be willing to use a translation service to assist with completion of the questionnaires and intervention, (4) able to complete follow-up email questionnaires, (5) >16 years of age, and (6) not actively suicidal. Women admitted to the unit for induction (eg, <72-hour length of stay) are excluded. A minimum sample of 54 women will be recruited from the antenatal high-risk unit of a large, urban tertiary care hospital. All women will complete a Web-based psychosocial assessment and 6 Web-based CBT modules. Results of the psychosocial assessment will be used by a Web-based clinical decision support system to generate a clinical risk score and clinician prompts to provide recommendations for the best treatment and referral options. The primary outcome is self-reported prenatal depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms at 6-8 weeks postrecruitment. Secondary outcomes are postpartum depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms; self-efficacy; mastery; self-esteem; sleep; relationship quality; coping; resilience; Apgar score; gestational age; birth weight; maternal-infant attachment; infant behavior and development; parenting stress/competence at 3-months postpartum; and intervention cost-effectiveness, efficiency, feasibility, and acceptability. All women will complete email questionnaires at 6-8 weeks postrecruitment and 3-months postpartum. Qualitative interviews with 10-15 health care providers and 15-30 women will provide data on feasibility and acceptability of the intervention. The study was funded in September, 2014 and ethics was approved in November, 2014. Subject recruitment will begin January, 2015 and results are expected in December, 2015. Results of this study will determine (1) the effectiveness of an integrated Web-based prenatal mental health intervention on maternal and infant outcomes and (2) the feasibility of implementation of the intervention on a high-risk antenatal unit. This study will provide evidence and guidance regarding the implementation of a Web-based mental health program into routine hospital-based care for women with medically high-risk pregnancies.
    01/2015; 4(1):e9. DOI:10.2196/resprot.4037
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Pregnant women with major depressive disorder (MDD) report that psychotherapy is a more acceptable treatment than pharmacotherapy. However, although results of several studies suggest that psychotherapy is an effective treatment for pregnant women, logistical barriers-including cost and traveling for weekly visits-can limit real-world utility. We hypothesized that computer-assisted cognitive behavior therapy (CCBT) would be both acceptable and would significantly decrease depressive symptoms in pregnant women with MDD. Methods: As a preliminary test of this hypothesis, we treated 10 pregnant women with MDD using a standardized CCBT protocol. Results: The pilot results were very promising, with 80% of participants showing treatment response and 60% showing remission after only eight sessions of CCBT. Conclusion: A larger, randomized controlled trial of CCBT in pregnant women with MDD is warranted.
    Journal of Women's Health 09/2014; 23(10). DOI:10.1089/jwh.2014.4867 · 1.90 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
197 Downloads
Available from
Jun 4, 2014