Tendon friction rubs in systemic sclerosis: a possible explanation--an ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging study.
ABSTRACT Objective. To assess the tendon and joint involvement at wrists and ankles of patients suffering from diffuse SSc and to identify the morphological substrate of tendon friction rubs (TFRs).Methods. Fifteen consecutive patients suffering from diffuse SSc were included. All patients had two musculoskeletal US (MSUS) examinations of the wrists and ankles. MRI was performed at the most affected joints as detected by MSUS and in all sites in which TFRs were present.Results. No clinically overt arthritis or tenosynovitis was detected in the wrists and/or ankles prior to MSUS. Synovitis, tenosynovitis and tendon tear were identified in 8, 4 and 2 of 15 patients, respectively, by both MSUS and MRI. At entry, 5 patients had palpable TFRs (4 bilateral and 1 unilateral) and 10 patients did not. Tenosynovitis was more frequently found in ankles with TFRs (3/9) than in those without TFRs (3/21), although the difference was not statistically different (P = 0.3). Using MRI, deep connective tissue infiltrates surrounding tendons were present in all sites with TFRs but in only one patient without TFRs.Conclusion. Both MSUS and MRI are effective in detecting synovitis and tenosynovitis in diffuse SSc patients. Tenosynovitis, synovitis and thickened retinacula are not infrequently seen in these patients. Our data suggest that juxta-tendinous connective tissue infiltrates might be the morphological substrate of tendon friction rubs, which may thus be a misnomer for tissue friction rubs.
- 06/2013; 65(6). DOI:10.1002/acr.21944
Article: Imaging of Scleroderma.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Systemic sclerosis is a rare autoimmune condition that affects a variety of organ systems. Knowledge of the imaging features in this patient population is essential in facilitating accurate diagnosis and guiding treatment. Common and rare imaging features of systemic sclerosis are reviewed in this article. Skin, musculoskeletal, pulmonary, cardiac, gastrointestinal, renal, and oral imaging are discussed. Conventional radiography, computed tomography of the chest, echocardiography, enterography, scintigraphy, and panorex dental imaging are reviewed. In addition, the evolving applications of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate the musculoskeletal and cardiac features of systemic sclerosis are discussed.Rheumatic diseases clinics of North America 08/2013; 39(3):515-546. DOI:10.1016/j.rdc.2013.02.017 · 1.74 Impact Factor