Imaging Findings of "Anesthesia Mumps" (Acute Postoperative Sialadenitis) After General Anesthesia

†Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School Affiliate
Journal of computer assisted tomography (Impact Factor: 1.41). 11/2012; 36(6):745-8. DOI: 10.1097/RCT.0b013e318268ec47
Source: PubMed


We present a rare case of acute postoperative sialadenitis or "anesthesia mumps" necessitating emergent intubation in a 16-year-old girl after biopsy of a brainstem mass under general anesthesia. Postoperative computed tomography of the brain demonstrated extensive right-sided facial swelling, parotid gland enlargement, and pharyngeal edema extending to the parapharyngeal space, soft palate, and uvula with significant narrowing of the airway. To our knowledge, this entity has not been previously described in the radiologic literature.

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    ABSTRACT: We describe a rare complication of acute unilateral submandibular gland swelling following the use of laryngeal mask airway (LMA) in two patients with otherwise uneventful perioperative airway management. This is likely to be a consequence of the pressure exerted by the airway cuff on the tissues within the submandibular triangle. As this complication is rarely reported, its true incidence may in fact be higher, suggesting a need for greater attention on LMA cuff pressures and degree of cuff inflation. We discuss the presenting clinical features, pathophysiology and utilisation of ultrasonographic confirmation of sialadenopathy, and review the current anaesthetic literature to raise awareness of this unusual and under-reported complication of LMA. This complication can be mitigated by incorporating routine manometric checks and limiting intracuff pressures to < 60 cmH2O, potentially avoiding LMA insertions in patients with sialolithiasis and avoiding the use of nitrous oxide.
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