Photochemical interactions of methylene blue and analogues with DNA and other biological substrates

Chemistry Department, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.
Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B Biology (Impact Factor: 2.8). 01/1993; 21:103-124.

ABSTRACT The light-induced reactions of methylene blue and related phenothiazinium dyes with biological substrates are described. The properties of the excited states of the dyes, their reactions with nucleic acids and their photosensitised chemical modifications of nucleic acid bases are examined. Reports on phenothiazinium dye-induced damage to proteins, lipids, biological membranes, organelles, viruses, bacteria, mammalian cells and carcinomas are reviewed.

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