[Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis Cases Diagnosed by Increased CSF/Serum Measles Antibody Indices].
ABSTRACT Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) caused by persistent defective measles virus strains, is a progressive neurological disorder of children and adolescents. The aim of this letter was to share the data from SSPE-suspected cases who were definitely diagnosed by the detection of increased antibody index in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples. A total of 11 patients (mean age: 14.3 years) with suspected SSPE between February 2006 to August 2008, were included in the study. Simultaneously obtained serum and CSF samples from patients were analyzed in terms of albumin, total IgG and measles-specific IgG levels (Measles Virus IgG ELISA for CSF Diagnostics, Euroimmun, Germany). The value of CSQrel (relative CSF/serum quotient) ≥ 1.5 was accepted indicative for intrathecal measles antibody synthesis. Seven (63.6%) of the 11 patients' diagnosis were confirmed with the demonstration of elevated CSF/serum indices (CSQrel range: 2.3-36.9; mean: 12.9). Mean age of those seven cases was 12.3 years (age range: 7-21) and four of them were male. The history of patients with high antibody indices indicated that three of four patients who had measles infection had not been vaccinated against measles. These three unvaccinated patients had measles infection at 3rd, 8th and 30th months of age, respectively, and the period of SSPE development were 15, 6 and 4.5 years, respectively. With this letter we would like to emphasize once more that effective measles vaccination is the only way for the prevention of measles and SSPE and the demonstration of increased measles antibody index in simultaneously obtained serum and CSF samples is crucial for the diagnosis of SSPE.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Aycan Unalp, Jan 25, 2015
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ABSTRACT: Specific antibody synthesis in brain could be detected with maximal sensitivity by combining an advanced enzyme immunoassay with a sophisticated evaluation method that involves calculating the ratio between the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)/serum quotients for specific antibodies (Qspec) and total IgG (QIgG). This Antibody Index (AI = Qspec/QIgG) discriminates between a blood-derived and a pathological, brain-derived specific antibody fraction in CSF and takes into account individual changes in blood/CSF barrier function. For local synthesis of polyclonal IgG in the central nervous system (QIgG greater than QLim), we propose the correction AI = Qspec/QLim (QLim represents that IgG fraction in CSF originating only from blood, calculated from the individual albumin quotient of a single patient). The normal reference range for the AI was between 0.7 and 1.3 (n = 250 control patients for each antibody species). Values of AI greater than or equal to 1.5 indicated a local specific antibody synthesis in the central nervous system. Sensitivity and precision were greatest if we analyzed the virus-specific antibodies in CSF and serum simultaneously with an enzyme immunoassay in continuous concentrations (arbitrary units) instead of titer steps. We have applied the method successfully to antibodies to measles, rubella, herpes simplex, varicella-zoster, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and cytomegalovirus, and to anti-Toxoplasma or -Borrelia antibodies. Clinical relevance is demonstrated for an acute zoster virus infection (monospecific response), chronic diseases such as HIV encephalitis with acute opportunistic Toxoplasma infection, and multiple sclerosis (secondary polyspecific response).Clinical Chemistry 08/1991; 37(7):1153-60.
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ABSTRACT: Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is a chronic central nervous (CNS) system infection caused by measles virus. Because changing immunization practices affect the epidemiology of measles and consequently SSPE, we examined the epidemiological data of our SSPE registry. Age of onset, age at onset of measles, duration of Latent period and immunization status were examined in cases recorded at the SSPE Registry Center in Turkey between 1975 and 1999. Age of onset diminished from 13 years before 1994 to 7.6 years after 1995; age at onset of measles declined from 29 months to 20 months and the Latent interval from 9.9 years to 5.9 years. Age at onset of measles and immunization status did not directly affect the duration of the Latent period. Although its incidence has decreased in Turkey, SSPE has been seen at younger ages in recent years. This change cannot be attributed solely to younger age at onset of measles. Factors affecting the duration of the Latent period should be investigated further.Infection 09/2001; 29(4):192-5. DOI:10.1007/s15010-001-1115-9
- Review of the effect of measles vaccination on the epidemi-ology of the SSPE. 2007. Int J Epidemiol 36 1334-48..