Fibroblast growth factor 23 and soluble klotho in children with chronic kidney disease.

1Renal Unit, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation (Impact Factor: 3.49). 11/2012; DOI: 10.1093/ndt/gfs411
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Background
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), a bone-derived phosphaturic hormone, is elevated in chronic kidney disease (CKD). There are scarce data on the levels of its essential co-receptor klotho, and longitudinal changes in FGF23 levels are also unknown.Methods
We examined FGF23 and soluble klotho (s-klotho) levels over 1 year in 154 children with CKD Stages 1-5 (CKD1-5), were on dialysis or who have received a transplantation.ResultsIn children with CKD1-5 and who were receiving dialysis, FGF23 correlated inversely with the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (P < 0.001), whereas a decrease in s-klotho was observed with a lower eGFR (P = 0.01). There was no correlation between FGF23 and serum phosphate (P) or parathyroid hormone (PTH) in our cohort wherein 89 and 66%, respectively, had normal levels. FGF23 increased by 6-fold over a 12-month period in children with eGFR of 15-29 mL/min/1.73 m(2), with an overall 5% annual increase in the CKD1-5 and dialysis cohort. High FGF23 levels were seen with high calcium (Ca) levels (P < 0.001). FGF23 levels were high when 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)(2)D] were deficient (P = 0.05 and P < 0.001, respectively). s-klotho levels correlated positively with 25(OH)D (P < 0.001) and negatively with PTH (P = 0.04) and age (P = 0.03). Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated a strong relationship between FGF23 and eGFR, whereas the association between s-klotho and eGFR as observed in univariate analysis was lost following the adjustment of confounders. In transplanted patients, FGF23 correlated with eGFR (P = 0.02) and 25(OH)D (P = 0.05).Conclusions
This study shows increasing FGF23 and reduced s-klotho levels with progressive renal failure even in a population of children with well-controlled P levels. Novel associations between FGF23 and serum Ca as well as 25(OH)D warrant further investigation.

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