Article

Chemical Composition of Musa sepientum (Banana) Peels.

Electronic Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Food Chemistry 01/2009; 8:437-4442.
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Available from: Benjamin Anhwange, Jul 28, 2015
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    • "Banana is one of the major and highly consumed fruit, originated Brazilian Journal of Microbiology 45, 4, 1485-1492 (2014) Copyright © 2014, Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia ISSN 1678-4405 www.sbmicrobiologia.org.br from the tropical region of South Asia (Anhwange et al., 2009). Because of the high use, banana waste i.e., peels are generated in bulk and constitute up to 30-40% of the total fruit weight. "
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    ABSTRACT: Filamentous fungi are considered to be the most important group of microorganisms for the production of plant cell wall degrading enzymes (CWDE), in solid state fermentations. In this study, two fungal strains Aspergillus niger MS23 and Aspergillus terreus MS105 were screened for plant CWDE such as amylase, pectinase, xylanase and cellulases (-glucosidase, endoglucanase and filterpaperase) using a novel substrate, Banana Peels (BP) for SSF process. This is the first study, to the best of our knowledge, to use BP as SSF substrate for plant CWDE production by co-culture of fungal strains. The titers of pectinase were significantly improved in co-culture compared to mono-culture. Furthermore, the enzyme preparations obtained from monoculture and co-culture were used to study the hydrolysis of BP along with some crude and purified substrates. It was observed that the enzymatic hydrolysis of different crude and purified substrates accomplished after 26 h of incubation, where pectin was maximally hydrolyzed by the enzyme preparations of mono and co-culture. Along with purified substrates, crude materials were also proved to be efficiently degraded by the cocktail of the CWDE. These results demonstrated that banana peels may be a potential substrate in solid-state fermentation for the production of plant cell wall degrading enzymes to be used for improving various biotechnological and industrial processes.
    Brazilian Journal of Microbiology 12/2014; 45(4):1485. DOI:10.1590/S1517-83822014000400045 · 0.45 Impact Factor
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    • "Banana peel is rich in gallocatechin than the pulp, thus possesses stronger antioxidant activity (Someya et al., 2002). It is a rich, low-cost source of dietary fiber, mainly hemicelluloses and pectin polysaccharides (Zhang et al., 2005; Anhwange, 2009). Papaya contains carotene and a pigment, caricaxanthin, and vitamin-A, vitamin-C, niacin, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, sodium and iron. "
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    ABSTRACT: The growth promoting potential of fruits wastes, mango seed kernel, banana peel and papaya peel on the freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii post larvae (PL) was evaluated. Basal diet equated to 35% protein was prepared by using soybean meal, groundnut oilcake, horse gram and wheat flour. Each fruit waste powder was separately incorporated with basal diet at a proportion of 10%. Sunflower oil was used as lipid source. Egg albumin and tapioca flour were used as binding agents. Vitamin B-complex with Vitamin-C was also mixed. Feed without any fruit waste was served as control. M. rosenbergii PL (length: 1.2-1.4 cm; weight: 0.09-0.13 g) was fed with these feeds for a period of 90 days. Significant improvements in the nutritional indices (survival rate, weight gain, biomass index, specific growth rate and condition factor), concentrations of biochemical constituents (total protein, carbohydrate and lipid), levels of non-enzymatic antioxidants (vitamin-C and E), content of minerals (Na + and K +), activities of digestive enzymes (protease, amylase and lipase), and profiles of essential amino acids and fatty acids were recorded in fruits wastes incorporated feeds fed PL when compared with control (P< 0.003 – 0.878). The overall results indicated the fact that mango seed kernel incorporated feed was produced the best performance, followed by better performance of banana peel and good performance of papaya peel. These fruits wastes incorporated feeds enhance digestive enzymes activities and act as appetizer, which in turn enhances food utilization and ultimately yielded better survival and growth of M. rosenbergii PL. Therefore, these fruits wastes have considerable potentials in sustainable development of Macrobrachium culture.
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    • "Banana peel is rich in gallocatechin than the pulp, thus possesses stronger antioxidant activity (Someya et al., 2002). It is a rich, low-cost source of dietary fiber, mainly hemicelluloses and pectin polysaccharides (Zhang et al., 2005; Anhwange, 2009). Papaya contains carotene and a pigment, caricaxanthin, and vitamin-A, vitamin-C, niacin, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, sodium and iron. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The growth promoting potential of fruits wastes, mango seed kernel, banana peel and papaya peel on the freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii post larvae (PL) was evaluated. Basal diet equated to 35% protein was prepared by using soybean meal, groundnut oilcake, horse gram and wheat flour. Each fruit waste powder was separately incorporated with basal diet at a proportion of 10%. Sunflower oil was used as lipid source. Egg albumin and tapioca flour were used as binding agents. Vitamin B-complex with Vitamin-C was also mixed. Feed without any fruit waste was served as control. M. rosenbergii PL (length: 1.2-1.4 cm; weight: 0.09-0.13 g) was fed with these feeds for a period of 90 days. Significant improvements in the nutritional indices (survival rate, weight gain, biomass index, specific growth rate and condition factor), concentrations of biochemical constituents (total protein, carbohydrate and lipid), levels of non-enzymatic antioxidants (vitamin-C and E), content of minerals (Na + and K +), activities of digestive enzymes (protease, amylase and lipase), and profiles of essential amino acids and fatty acids were recorded in fruits wastes incorporated feeds fed PL when compared with control (P< 0.003 – 0.878). The overall results indicated the fact that mango seed kernel incorporated feed was produced the best performance, followed by better performance of banana peel and good performance of papaya peel. These fruits wastes incorporated feeds enhance digestive enzymes activities and act as appetizer, which in turn enhances food utilization and ultimately yielded better survival and growth of M. rosenbergii PL. Therefore, these fruits wastes have considerable potentials in sustainable development of Macrobrachium culture.
    International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology 01/2013; 4(2):12-25. · 0.99 Impact Factor
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