Monteggia Fractures

Orthopaedic Hand and Upper Extremity Service, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Yawkey 2100, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA. Electronic address: .
Orthopedic Clinics of North America (Impact Factor: 1.25). 01/2013; 44(1):59-66. DOI: 10.1016/j.ocl.2012.08.007
Source: PubMed


Monteggia described a fracture of the proximal third of the ulna with anterior dislocation of the radial head from both the proximal radioulnar and radiocapitellar joints. Application of this eponym to all injuries with radiocapitellar subluxation or dislocation has led to some confusion. In addition, there are substantial differences between Monteggia injuries in children and adults. With careful definition, specific subsets of patients may benefit from consideration as a separate type of Monteggia injury.

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    ABSTRACT: The authors describe a case of simultaneous anterior dislocation of the radial head with plastic deformation of the ulna and an ipsilateral medial humeral condyle fracture in a 6-year-old boy after a fall on an outstretched hand. This rare combination of injuries has not been described previously in the literature. Closed reduction of the dislocated radial head and percutaneous K-wire fixation of the medial humeral condyle fracture achieved an excellent result with full function. This rare combination of injuries is considered to be an unusual subtype of the Bado type I Monteggia equivalent lesion. The case emphasizes that when a fracture is detected around an elbow, other injuries in the region should be suspected.
    Journal of pediatric orthopaedics. Part B / European Paediatric Orthopaedic Society, Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America 04/2014; 23(4). DOI:10.1097/BPB.0000000000000061 · 0.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The eponym Monteggia fracture dislocation originally referred to a fracture of the shaft of the ulna accompanied by anterior dislocation of the radial head that was described by Giovanni Battista Monteggia of Italy in 1814. Subsequently, a further classification system based on the direction of the radial head dislocation and associated fractures of the radius and ulna was proposed by Jose Luis Bado of Uruguay in 1958. This article investigates the evolution of treatment, classification, and outcomes of the Monteggia injury and sheds light on the lives and contributions of Monteggia and Bado.
    The Journal of hand surgery 05/2014; 39(7). DOI:10.1016/j.jhsa.2014.02.024 · 1.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION Monteggia lesions are defined as a fracture of the proximal ulna with an associated radial head dislocation. Management of these injuries varies depending upon the patient population, ranging from non-operative treatment with closed reduction and immobilization to surgical fixation. Percutaneous techniques of radial head reduction are often reserved for skeletally immature patients. PRESENTATION OF CASE In this case report, a 14-year-old female presented with left elbow pain three days after a fall. Radiographs and CT images from an outside hospital revealed a displaced left radial head fracture and a non-displaced proximal olecranon fracture, consistent with a Monteggia equivalent fracture. The patient underwent percutaneous reduction and internal fixation of the radial head with a flexible intramedullary nail (Metaizeau technique), and open reduction and internal fixation of the olecranon. She developed a 25 degree left elbow flexion contracture and, five months after her index procedure, underwent arthroscopic release and removal of hardware. The radial head reduction was near anatomic and she regained full extension. DISCUSSION This report demonstrates that percutaneous reduction with intramedullary nailing and fixation techniques can be performed successfully in skeletally mature patients. CONCLUSION Given their less invasive nature, we recommend attempting percutaneous interventions in some skeletally mature individuals for fracture reduction and fixation.
    International Journal of Surgery Case Reports 11/2014; 5(12). DOI:10.1016/j.ijscr.2014.11.057
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