Decreasing Colectomy Rates for Ulcerative Colitis: A Population-Based Time Trend Study
ABSTRACT OBJECTIVES:Colectomy rates for ulcerative colitis (UC) have been inconsistently reported. We assessed temporal trends of colectomy rates for UC, stratified by emergent vs. elective colectomy indication.METHODS:From 1997 to 2009, we identified adults hospitalized for a flare of UC. Medical charts were reviewed. Temporal changes were evaluated using linear regression models to estimate the average annual percent change (AAPC) in surgical rates. Logistic regression analysis compared: (i) UC patients responding to medical management in hospital to those who underwent colectomy; (ii) UC patients who underwent an emergent vs. elective colectomy; and (iii) temporal trends of drug utilization.RESULTS:From 1997 to 2009, colectomy rates significantly dropped for elective colectomies with an AAPC of -7.4% (95% confidence interval (CI): -10.8%, -3.9%). The rate of emergent colectomies remained stable with an AAPC of -1.4% (95% CI: -4.8%, 2.0%). Azathioprine/6-mercaptopurine prescriptions increased from 1997 to 2009 (odds ratio (OR)=1.15; 95% CI: 1.09-1.22) and infliximab use increased after 2005 (OR=1.68; 95% CI: 1.25-2.26). A 13% per year risk adjusted reduction in the odds of colectomy (OR=0.87; 95% CI: 0.83-0.92) was observed in UC patients responding to medical management compared with those who required colectomy. Emergent colectomy patients had a shorter duration of flare (<2 weeks vs. 2-8 weeks, OR=5.31; 95% CI: 1.58-17.81) and underwent colectomy early after diagnosis (<1 year vs. 1-3 years, OR=5.48; 95% CI: 2.18-13.79).CONCLUSIONS:From 1997 to 2009, use of purine anti-metabolites increased and elective colectomy rates in UC patients decreased significantly. In contrast, emergent colectomy rates were stable, which may have been due to rapid progression of disease activity.Am J Gastroenterol advance online publication, 20 November 2012; doi:10.1038/ajg.2012.333.
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ABSTRACT: Serological markers such as anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) and anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody (ASCA) may be associated with pouchitis after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA). To perform a systematic review with meta-analysis of studies evaluating the association of ANCA and ASCA status with risk of acute and chronic pouchitis after IPAA. We searched multiple databases (upto September 2012) for studies reporting ANCA and/or ASCA status along with risk of acute or chronic pouchitis after IPAA in adults with ulcerative colitis (UC). We abstracted odds ratio (OR) or raw data from the individual studies to calculate summary OR estimates with 95% CIs using random-effects model. Eight studies reporting 184 cases of acute pouchitis and six studies reporting 151 cases of chronic pouchitis were included. The odds of chronic pouchitis were 76% higher in ANCA-positive patients than ANCA-negative (six studies; OR: 1.76; 95% CI: 1.19–2.61; P < 0.01). ASCA-positivity was not associated with the risk of chronic pouchitis (three studies; OR: 0.89; 95% CI: 0.49–1.59; P = 0.68). Neither ANCA (eight studies; OR: 1.54; 95% CI: 0.79–3.02; P = 0.21) nor ASCA-positivity (two studies; OR: 1.28; 95% CI: 0.25–6.54; P = 0.77) were associated with the risk of acute pouchitis. The risk of chronic pouchitis after IPAA is higher in ANCA-positive patients, but the risk of acute pouchitis is unaffected by ANCA status. ASCA status was not associated with the risk of acute or chronic pouchitis. This information may be used to counsel UC patients regarding their risk of pouchitis after IPAA.Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 03/2013; 37(9). DOI:10.1111/apt.12274 · 4.55 Impact Factor
- The American Journal of Gastroenterology 05/2013; 108(5):859-60. DOI:10.1038/ajg.2013.53 · 9.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are chronic disabling conditions. Despite the benefits of anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α agents in improving quality of life and reducing the need for surgeries, overall only one-third of patients are in clinical remission at 1 year and loss of response is frequent. It seems clear that treatment must go beyond alleviation of symptoms in IBD. It is important that treatment targets in IBD will ensure mucosal healing and deep remission. RECENT FINDINGS: The induction of deep remission might be the best way to alter the natural course of these diseases by preventing disability and bowel damage. New disability indices and the new Crohn's disease damage score have recently been developed and they can be used to evaluate the long-term effect on patients and as new endpoints in trials. Early intervention with disease-modifying anti-IBD drugs (DMAIDs) should be considered in patients with poor prognostic factors. SUMMARY: New therapeutic targets in IBD patients who failed anti-TNF-α therapy are urgently required, and tofacitinib, vedolizumab and ustekinumab appear to be the most promising drugs. Herein, we review the new and current trends in IBD therapy, with the final aim of changing disease course and patients' lives by both improving quality of life and avoiding disability.Current opinion in gastroenterology 05/2013; 29(4). DOI:10.1097/MOG.0b013e3283622914 · 3.66 Impact Factor