Article

Factores asociados a las conductas sexuales de riesgo en la adolescencia Associated factors to risk sexual behaviours in adolescence

Infancia y Aprendizaje (Impact Factor: 0.4). 08/2002; 25(3):347-361. DOI: 10.1174/021037002760204222

ABSTRACT En el presente trabajo nos proponemos conocer la relación que guardan algunos de los factores propuestos en el modelo de la Información-Motivación-Habilidades conductuales de Fisher y Fisher (1992), con la implicación en conductas sexuales de riesgo en los adolescentes. La muestra utilizada para el estudio ha estado compuesta por 234 adolescentes escolarizados, comprendidos entre los 16 y los 19 años (126 varones - 53.8 % - y 108 mujeres - 46.2 % -), todos los cuáles han tenido relaciones sexuales coitales, al menos, en una ocasión. A todos ellos se les pasó un cuestionario anónimo que comprendía diferentes escalas para evaluar las variables objeto del estudio, así como diferentes aspectos de su comportamiento sexual. Los resultados obtenidos suponen, en términos generales, un apoyo empírico al modelo de Fisher y Fisher (1992), si bien, aparecen diferencias importantes entre los chicos y chicas en cuanto a las variables asociadas a los comportamientos de riesgo y a la magnitud de tal asociación. The present study attempts to determine the relationship between some of the factors proposed in Fisher and Fisher's (1992) Information-Motivation-Behavioural Skills model and engaging in risky sex practices in adolescence. The sample included 234 adolescents attending school, age ranging between 16 and 19 years (126 boys - 53.8% - and 108 girls - 46.2% -), all had engaged in full coitus on at least one occasion. The subjects were asked to complete an anonymous questionnaire that included different scales in order to assess the variables under study together with different aspects of their sexual behaviour. Although, overall the present results empirically support Fisher and Fisher's (1992) Information-Motivation-Behavioural Skills model, important differences were found between girls and boys both with respect to the variables associated to sexual risk and to the magnitude of this association.

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