SILAC-based quantitative proteomic analysis of gastric cancer secretome.

Institute of Bioinformatics, International Technology Park, Bangalore, 560066, India.
PROTEOMICS - CLINICAL APPLICATIONS (Impact Factor: 1.81). 11/2012; DOI: 10.1002/prca.201200069
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT PURPOSE: Gastric cancer is a commonly occurring cancer in Asia and one of the leading causes of cancer deaths. However, there is no reliable blood-based screening test for this cancer. Identifying proteins secreted from tumor cells could lead to the discovery of clinically useful biomarkers for early detection of gastric cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A SILAC-based quantitative proteomic approach was employed to identify secreted proteins that were differentially expressed between neoplastic and non-neoplastic gastric epithelial cells. Proteins from the secretome were subjected to SDS-PAGE and SCX-based fractionation, followed by mass spectrometric analysis on an LTQ-Orbitrap Velos mass spectrometer. Immunohistochemical labeling was employed to validate a subset of candidates using tissue microarrays. RESULTS: We identified 2,205 proteins in the gastric cancer secretome of which 263 proteins were overexpressed >4-fold in gastric cancer-derived cell lines as compared to non-neoplastic gastric epithelial cells. Three candidate proteins, proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), lectin mannose binding 2 (LMAN2) and PDGFA associated protein 1 (PDAP1), were validated by immunohistochemical labeling. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: We report here the largest cancer secretome described to date. The novel biomarkers identified in the current study are excellent candidates for further testing as early detection biomarkers for gastric adenocarcinoma.