Deep brain stimulation in ireland for Parkinson's disease and essential tremor.
ABSTRACT Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is highly effective neurosurgery for idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD), essential tremor (ET) and primary dystonia. DBS involves stereotactic surgical implantation of a battery-operated stimulator into deep brain nuclei. Irish patients are referred abroad for DBS and have to travel repeatedly for pre and post-operative care resulting in stress, anxiety and hardship. Safe pre and post-operative care of these complex, ageing patients is compromised by the absence of a DBS service in Ireland. Moreover, both DBS surgery and the subsequent post-operative care abroad incurs substantial cost to the state. The Dublin Neurological Institute at the Mater Misericordiae University Hospital (DNI) is a non-profit institute for the care of patients with neurological diseases. The DNI developed, in collaboration with the Mater Private Hospital (MPH) and the Walton Centre, Liverpool, a DBS programme in 2008/2009. We performed DBS at the Mater Campus on three carefully selected patients from a cohort of movement disorder patients attending the DNI and continue to provide pre-operative assessment and post operative care for patients following DBS in Ireland and abroad.