Las emociones y el género en la conducta sexual de riesgo en adolescentesEmotions and gender in sexual risk behaviour in adolescents

Revista de Psicología Social (Impact Factor: 0.5). 09/2009; 24(3):349-361. DOI: 10.1174/021347409789050551


En este estudio se ha analizado la experiencia sexual de una muestra de adolescentes de entre 14 y 16 años y en qué medida la incorporación de las emociones anticipadas mejora la predicción de la intención de mantener relaciones sexuales sin preservativo, en comparación con las predicciones hechas desde la Teoría de la Conducta Planificada, prestando especial atención a las diferencias de género. Los resultados indican que, en el caso de los varones, la consideración de las emociones anticipadas no mejora la predicción; por el contrario, en las mujeres la incorporación de la experiencia emocional anticipada ante la posibilidad de mantener relaciones sexuales de riesgo mejora hasta un 17 por ciento la predicción de la intención de mantener relaciones sexuales sin preservativo. En general, los varones muestran una actitud menos negativa que las mujeres hacia la conducta sexual de riesgo, y las mujeres anticipan más emociones negativas, como miedo y culpa, y menos alegría.The present study explores personal sexual experience in a sample of adolescents aged 14 to 16. Furthermore, it looks at how anticipated emotions - as compared to the Planned Behaviour Theory variables - can improve predictions about intention to have unprotected sex, focusing on gender differences. Results suggest that anticipated emotions in males do not improve such predictions. In contrast, in the case of women, anticipated emotions with relation to sexual risk behaviour improve predictions about intention to have unprotected sex by up to 17%. In general, males show a less negative attitude than women towards high-risk sexual behaviour, and women anticipate more associated negative emotions, such as fear and guilt, and less happiness than men.

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