Las emociones y el género en la conducta sexual de riesgo en adolescentesEmotions and gender in sexual risk behaviour in adolescents

Revista de Psicología Social (Impact Factor: 0.5). 09/2009; 24(3):349-361. DOI: 10.1174/021347409789050551

ABSTRACT En este estudio se ha analizado la experiencia sexual de una muestra de adolescentes de entre 14 y 16 años y en qué medida la incorporación de las emociones anticipadas mejora la predicción de la intención de mantener relaciones sexuales sin preservativo, en comparación con las predicciones hechas desde la Teoría de la Conducta Planificada, prestando especial atención a las diferencias de género. Los resultados indican que, en el caso de los varones, la consideración de las emociones anticipadas no mejora la predicción; por el contrario, en las mujeres la incorporación de la experiencia emocional anticipada ante la posibilidad de mantener relaciones sexuales de riesgo mejora hasta un 17 por ciento la predicción de la intención de mantener relaciones sexuales sin preservativo. En general, los varones muestran una actitud menos negativa que las mujeres hacia la conducta sexual de riesgo, y las mujeres anticipan más emociones negativas, como miedo y culpa, y menos alegría.The present study explores personal sexual experience in a sample of adolescents aged 14 to 16. Furthermore, it looks at how anticipated emotions - as compared to the Planned Behaviour Theory variables - can improve predictions about intention to have unprotected sex, focusing on gender differences. Results suggest that anticipated emotions in males do not improve such predictions. In contrast, in the case of women, anticipated emotions with relation to sexual risk behaviour improve predictions about intention to have unprotected sex by up to 17%. In general, males show a less negative attitude than women towards high-risk sexual behaviour, and women anticipate more associated negative emotions, such as fear and guilt, and less happiness than men.

Download full-text


Available from: Amparo Caballero, Jul 16, 2015
1 Follower
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A proposed theory of planned behavior, an extension of Ajzen and Fishbein's (1980, Understanding attitudes and predicting social behavior. Englewood-Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall) theory of reasoned action, was tested in two experiments. The extended theory incorporates perceived control over behavioral achievement as a determinant of intention (Version 1) as well as behavior (Version 2). In Experiment 1, college students' attendance of class lectures was recorded over a 6-week period; in Experiment 2, the behavioral goal was getting an “A” in a course. Attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and intentions were assessed halfway through the period of observation in the first experiment, and at two points in time in the second experiment. The results were evaluated by means of hierarchical regression analyses. As expected, the theory of planned behavior permitted more accurate prediction of intentions and goal attainment than did the theory of reasoned action. In both experiments, perceived behavioral control added significantly to the prediction of intentions. Its contribution to the prediction of behavior was significant in the second wave of Experiment 2, at which time the students' perceptions of behavioral control had become quite accurate. Contrary to expectations, there was little evidence for interactions between perceived behavioral control and the theory's other independent variables.
    Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 09/1986; 22(5):453–474. DOI:10.1016/0022-1031(86)90045-4 · 2.22 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this work we present two types of emotional message, negative (sadness) versus mixed (joy and sadness), with the aim of studying their differential effect on attitude change and the probability estimated by participants of repeating the behavior of occasional excessive drinking in the near future. The results show that for the group of participants with moderate experience in this behavior the negative message, compared to the mixed one, is associated with higher probability of repeating the risk behavior and a less negative attitude toward it. These results suggest that mixed emotional messages (e.g. joy and sadness messages) could be more effective in campaigns for the prevention of this risk behavior.
    Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment 01/2008; 1.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Examines research on the relation between attitude and behavior in light of the correspondence between attitudinal and behavioral entities. Such entities are defined by their target, action, context, and time elements. A review of available empirical research supports the contention that strong attitude–behavior relations are obtained only under high correspondence between at least the target and action elements of the attitudinal and behavioral entities. This conclusion is compared with the rather pessimistic assessment of the utility of the attitude concept found in much contemporary social psychological literature. (4½ p ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
    Psychological Bulletin 08/1977; 84(5):888-918. DOI:10.1037/0033-2909.84.5.888 · 14.39 Impact Factor
Show more