Performing in/outside Islam: Music and gendered cultural politics in the Middle East and North Africa
Women performers, particularly those in theatre, music, dance, and performance art, frequently experience inequitable treatment in Islamic societies. This study investigates the lived experience of women musicians in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), with particular focus on the resistance discourse in Tunisian women's music. Based on a year‐long ethnography situated primarily in the North African Tunisia's capital of Tunis, this study critiques the intersections of religion, sexuality, politics, and power for women in the MENA. It examines the restrictive legislation of Qur'anic verses that compel women to refrain from nushuz (rebellion) and tabarruj (strutting about/displaying of charms). It looks at how this legislation is applied to women public performers through the interlocking hegemonic discourses of religious, governmental, familial, and other institutions. It examines how resistant discursive space(s) articulate subversive and sexual messages through song. Finally, the study addresses the sociocultural and historical roots of a specific imagined woman, the musical performer as a sexualized Other and encoded under the dominant ideology of the region as resisting the tenets of Islam.
Available from: Stephen M. Croucher
- "As young women are taught culture-specific body norms and positions (Lengel, 2004), a national mandate over a symbol like the hijab becomes a site of struggle. Foucault (1978) asserts discourse and social practice sexes the human body, making it a target for social control and power. "
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ABSTRACT: This article examines how Muslims living in France construct, and negotiate their identities in the wake of Law 2004–228, a French law banning the wearing of the Islamic veil in French public schools. This research finds that Muslims deem the Islamic veil or hijab to be a fundamental part of their identity. Muslims describe the hijab as being an important and salient symbol of Islam that runs counter to France's concept of secularism or laïcité. Moreover, French-Muslims assert regulations like Law 2004–228 represent France attempting to control Muslim identity and forcefully integrate this population.
Journal of Intercultural Communication Research 11/2008; 37(3-3):199-213. DOI:10.1080/17475750903135408
Available from: Jenn Fishman
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ABSTRACT: Theorizing GenderHistoricizing Gender and Intercultural CommunicationHistoricity and Gender HegemoniesHistory, Gender Ideology, and Intercultural Communication: An Extended ExampleReferences
The Handbook of Critical Intercultural Communication, 04/2011: pages 335 - 347; , ISBN: 9781444390681
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