The efficacy of adjuvant photodynamic therapy (PDT) using the new photosensitizer, talaporfin sodium (TPS), was assessed in 7 patients with bile duct carcinoma (BDC). The 664-nm semiconductor laser (100 J/cm(2)) was applied through endoscopy to the tumor lesion within 6 h after injection of TPS. Cases included three non-resectable and 4 resected BDC with remnant cancer cells at the bile duct stump. Radiated lesions exhibited mild inflammatory responses. Locally advanced tumor occluding bile duct was relieved by PDT and patency was maintained for 16 months. Two patients developed mild photodermatitis but no severe morbidity. One patient died of other disease, and two patients died of liver metastasis within 6 months, but local recurrence was not observed. Three patients maintained cancer-free survival for 6-13 months. One patient survived with good status for 24 months. Adjuvant TPS-PDT is a safe and useful treatment for local control of BDC. Compared to the conventional PDT, the patient's quality of life is remarkably improved.
"Talaporfin sodium is a new photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the lung.(22) The clinical application of PDT will be expanded to other tissues in the near future.(22,23) For the treatment of malignant glioma, talaporfin sodium has progressed to a phase II clinical study, and the safety and therapeutic effects of talaporfin have been reported.(24–27) "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The mechanism of tumor-specific porphyrin accumulation is not clear. We investigated the expression of proton-coupled folate transporter SLC46A1 in glioma and aimed to clarify the relationship between tumor fluorescence and SLC46A1 expression.We confirmed the expression of SLC46A1 in surgical specimens from 24 glioma patients by immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). We also investigated SLC46A1 expression in glioma cell lines by RT-PCR. The cellular uptake of hematoporphyrin derivative in vitro was measured with a microplate reader and fluorescence microscope. In these experiments, we used three human malignant glioma cell lines: U87, U251 and T98G. Immunohistochemistry showed SLC46A1 positivity in the malignant tumor lesion of each specimen. Strong positive SLC46A1 expression was observed in 33% of grade IV, 22% of grade III and 17% of grade II gliomas. All four randomly obtained malignant glioma frozen sections expressed SLC46A1 mRNA by RT-PCR. In vitro, U87 showed the least SLC46A1 expression, U251 was intermediate, and T98G showed the most expression. The amount of hematoporphyrin derivative (HpD) cellular uptake correlated with SLC46A1 expression. These results suggest that the accumulation of HpD in glioma cells is related to SLC46A1 function and SLC46A1 is involved in the mechanism of glioma fluorescence.
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition 01/2014; 54(1):26-30. DOI:10.3164/jcbn.13-87 · 2.19 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a well-established clinical treatment modality for various diseases, including cancer. It involves the topical or systemic administration of a photosensitizer, followed by selective irradiation of the target lesion with a specific wavelength of non-ionizing light, which triggers oxidative photodamage and subsequent death of the targeted cells. Due to this two-step therapeutic process, PDT is a safe and minimally-invasive therapy. Nevertheless, classical non-targeted photosensitizers lack sufficient tumor selectivity and are taken up in the neighboring normal tissues, resulting in undesirable adverse effects. To overcome this obstacle, diverse tumor-targeting approaches have been developed. In this article, we discuss the current strategies and rationale regarding tumor-targeted PDT.
Anticancer research 07/2013; 33(7):2823-31. · 1.83 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising treatment option for local control of remnant cancer after surgical resection or biliary stenosis by the unresectable tumor in patients with bile duct carcinomas (BDC). To achieve effective tumor necrosis, an appropriate approach to laser irradiation is necessary.
The efficacy of endoscopy-guided PDT using porfimer (n=12) or talaporfin sodium (n=13) was investigated by evaluating the transhepatic biliary routes and endoscopic retrograde biliary (ERB) routes in 25 patients with BDC.
Diseases included perihilar intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) in four patients, extrahepatic BDCs in 19 and ampular carcinoma (AC) in two patients. Adjuvant PDT after surgical resection was performed in 18 patients, and PDT for tumor biliary stenosis was performed in seven. In patients undergoing surgical resections, the mean period between the operation and PDT was 87±42 days. In patients who underwent prior surgical resections, the transhepatic route was used in five (28%), the jejunal loop was used in 11 (61%), the T-tube route was used in one, and the endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) route via papilla Vater was used in one. In unresectable BDC, the ERC route was used in four patients (57%), and the transhepatic biliary route was used in three (43%). Endoscopic-guided PDT could not be performed in one patient because of a technical failure. Except for the complication of photosensitivity, endoscopy-related complications were not observed in any patients. Patients undergoing PDT with porfimer sodium had a significantly longer admission period compared to patients undergoing PDT with talaporfin sodium (36 vs. 5 days, respectively) (P<0.01).
PDT was safely and definitively performed using the endoscopy-guided approach via the transhepatic or ERC route. By considering the disadvantages of both routes, PDT must be adequately achieved for local control of BDC.
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