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Aprendizaje de relaciones de contingencia y causalidad: Una aproximación a las tendencias teóricas actuales

Psicológica (Impact Factor: 0.3). 01/1999; 20(3):163-193.

ABSTRACT En las dos últimas décadas el estudio de la causalidad desde la perspectiva de la Psicología del Aprendizaje ha experimentado un auge notable. Sin embargo, el crecimiento del conjunto de datos experimentales no ha ido acompañado de un desarrollo teórico que permitiese integrarlos. Cualquier marco teórico que pretenda ser explicativo debe dar cuenta de estos datos, así como su relación con los tipos de tarea utilizados, a menudo de forma indiferenciada. Esta revisión pretende ofrecer una visión organizada del corpus experimental desarrollado dentro del campo del aprendizaje causal humano y esbozar algunas líneas posibles para la integración teórica. El análisis de las similitudes e incompatibilidades entre distintas aproximaciones (hasta la fecha necesariamente parciales) podrá llevar en el futuro a modelos de organización serial que abarquen las distintas etapas del procesamiento en este tipo de aprendizaje. Palabras clave: Aprendizaje de causalidad, contingencia, covariación, modelos asociativos, modelos de reglas.

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