Integrated Care: Treatment Initiation Following Positive Depression Screens
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Primary Care-Mental Health Integration (PC-MHI) may improve mental health services access and continuity of care. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether receipt of integrated PC-MHI services on the date of an initial positive depression screen influences receipt of depression treatment among primary care (PC) patients in the Veterans Health Administration. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SUBJECTS: Thirty-six thousand, two hundred and sixty-three PC patients with positive depression screens between October 1, 2009 and September 30, 2010. MAIN MEASURES: Subjects were assessed for depression diagnosis and initiation of antidepressants or psychotherapy on the screening day, within 12 weeks, and within 6 months. Among individuals with PC encounters on the screening day, setting of services received that day was categorized as PC only, PC-MHI, or Specialty Mental Health (SMH). Using multivariable generalized estimating equations (GEE) logistic regression, we assessed likelihood of treatment initiation, adjusting for demographic and clinical measures, including depression screening score. KEY RESULTS: Patients who received same-day PC-MHI services were more likely to initiate psychotherapy (OR: 8.16; 95 % CI: 6.54-10.17) and antidepressant medications (OR: 2.33, 95 % CI: 2.10-2.58) within 12 weeks than were those who received only PC services on the screening day. CONCLUSIONS: Receipt of same-day PC-MHI may facilitate timely receipt of depression treatment.
- SourceAvailable from: Wenhui Wei
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- "On the other hand, the fact that insulin continuers’ index dates were randomly selected between the third and the last study drug prescription date could imply underestimation of their persistence rate if dates from later prescriptions were selected. Additionally, patients with randomly assigned index dates may have differed from other patients in their unmeasured treatment needs and willingness to engage in certain treatment decisions . The direction of the overall bias is hard to estimate due to these opposing possible sources of bias, but is believed to affect both GLA-C and DET-C patients in the current study. "
ABSTRACT: Type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a progressive disease, and many patients eventually require insulin therapy. This study examined real-world outcomes of switching basal insulin analogs among patients with T2DM. Using two large United States administrative claims databases (IMPACT(®) and Humana(®)), this longitudinal retrospective study examined two cohorts of adult patients with T2DM. Previously on insulin glargine, Cohort 1 either continued insulin glargine (GLA-C) or switched to insulin detemir (DET-S), while Cohort 2 was previously on insulin detemir, and either continued insulin detemir (DET-C) or switched to insulin glargine (GLA-S). One-year follow-up treatment persistence and adherence, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), hypoglycemia events, healthcare utilization and costs were assessed. Selection bias was minimized by propensity score matching between treatment groups within each cohort. A total of 5,921 patients (mean age 60 years, female 50.0%, HbA1c 8.6%) were included in the analysis (Cohort 1: IMPACT(®): n = 536 DET-S matched to n = 2,668 GLA-C; Humana(®): n = 256 DET-S matched to n = 1,262 GLA-C; Cohort 2: n = 419 GLA-S matched to n = 780 DET-C), with similar baseline characteristics between treatment groups in each cohort. During 1-year follow-up, in Cohort 1, DET-S patients, when compared with GLA-C patients, had lower treatment persistence/adherence with 33-40% restarting insulin glargine, higher rapid-acting insulin use, worse HbA1c outcomes, significantly higher diabetes drug costs, and similar hypoglycemia rates, health care utilization and total costs. However, in Cohort 2 overall opposite outcomes were observed and only 19.8% GLA-S patients restarted insulin detemir. This study showed contrasting clinical and economic outcomes when patients with T2DM switched basal insulin analogs, with worse outcomes observed for patients switching from insulin glargine to insulin detemir and improved outcomes when switching from insulin detemir to insulin glargine. Further investigation into the therapeutic interchangeability of insulin glargine and insulin detemir in the real-world setting is needed.Advances in Therapy 05/2014; 31(5). DOI:10.1007/s12325-014-0120-1 · 2.27 Impact Factor
- Journal of General Internal Medicine 11/2012; 28(3). DOI:10.1007/s11606-012-2266-3 · 3.42 Impact Factor
- Journal of General Internal Medicine 01/2013; 28(3). DOI:10.1007/s11606-012-2330-z · 3.42 Impact Factor