Impact of postoperative morbidity on long-term survival after oesophagectomy

Department of Upper Gastrointestinal and Soft Tissue Tumour Surgery, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, Queensland, Australia
British Journal of Surgery (Impact Factor: 5.54). 01/2013; 100(1). DOI: 10.1002/bjs.8973
Source: PubMed


Oesophageal malignancy is a disease with a poor prognosis. Oesophagectomy is the mainstay of curative treatment but associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Although mortality rates have improved, the incidence of perioperative morbidity remains high. This study assessed the impact of postoperative morbidity on long-term outcomes.

A prospective database was designed for patients undergoing oesophagectomy for malignancy from 1998 to 2011. An observational cohort study was performed with these data, assessing intraoperative technical complications, postoperative morbidity and effects on overall survival.

Some 618 patients were included, with a median follow-up of 51 months for survivors. The overall complication rate was 64·6 per cent (399 of 618), with technical complications in 124 patients (20·1 per cent) and medical complications in 339 (54·9 per cent). Technical complications were associated with longer duration of surgery (308 min versus 293 min in those with no technical complications; P = 0·017), greater operative blood loss (448 versus 389 ml respectively; P = 0·035) and longer length of stay (22 versus 13 days; P < 0·001). Medical complications were associated with greater intraoperative blood loss (418 ml versus 380 ml in those with no medical complications; P = 0·013) and greater length of stay (16 versus 12 days respectively; P < 0·001). Median overall and disease-free survival were 41 and 43 months. After controlling for age, tumour stage, resection margin, length of tumour, adjuvant therapy, procedure type and co-morbidities, there was no effect of postoperative complications on disease-specific survival.

Technical and medical complications following oesophagectomy were associated with greater intraoperative blood loss and a longer duration of inpatient stay, but did not predict disease-specific survival.

Download full-text


Available from: Bernard Mark Smithers, Sep 13, 2014
31 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This review examines the long-term influence of postoperative complications on survival. Although it is intuitive that complications after surgery worsen short-term outcomes, it is not clear to what extent and why a longer-term relationship may exist. Most studies have focused on outcomes after cancer surgery. Despite mixed results in smaller cohorts, large multicentre analyses consistently identify an association between postoperative complications and long-term mortality. In part, this phenomenon may be due to unmeasured confounding factors or insufficient separation of short and long-term consequences. Nevertheless, functional and biological imprints established during postoperative complications are likely to be relevant, and are the subject of ongoing research. Patients that develop postoperative complications and survive the immediate risk period, demonstrate worsened long-term mortality. The field of perioperative medicine is increasingly mandated to identify vulnerable individuals, develop and implement strategies to prevent and treat complications, and provide better care pathways after hospital discharge.
    Current opinion in critical care 06/2013; 19(4). DOI:10.1097/MCC.0b013e3283632f77 · 2.62 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: While the outcomes after Heller myotomy have been extensively reported, little is known about patients with esophageal achalasia who are treated with esophagectomy. This was a retrospective analysis using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample over an 11-year period (2000-2010). Patients admitted with a primary diagnosis of achalasia who underwent esophagectomy (group 1) were compared to patients with esophageal cancer who underwent esophagectomy (group 2) during the same time period. Primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Secondary outcomes included length of stay, postoperative complications, and total hospital charges. A propensity-matched analysis was conducted comparing the same outcomes between group 1 and well-matched controls in group 2. Nine hundred sixty-three patients with achalasia and 18,003 patients with esophageal cancer underwent esophagectomy. The propensity matched analysis showed a trend toward a higher mortality in group 2 (7.8 vs. 2.9 %, p = 0.08). Postoperative length of stay and complications were similar in both groups. Total hospital charges were higher for the achalasia group ($115,087 vs. $99, 654.2, p = 0.006). This is the largest study to date examining outcomes after esophagectomy in patients with achalasia. Based on our findings, esophagectomy can be considered a safe option, and surgeons should not be hindered by a perceived notion of prohibitive operative risk in this patient population.
    Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 08/2013; 18(2). DOI:10.1007/s11605-013-2318-y · 2.80 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The assessment and monitoring of complications associated with esophageal resection suffers from the absence of an internationally recognized system for documenting the incidence and severity of complications. The impact of complications is significant, with direct effects being identified on mortality, length of stay, postoperative quality of life, and long-term survival. Newer systems of assessing surgical complication severity and the resources required to treat complications include the Accordion and Clavien grading systems. New endoscopic and interventional approaches to treating anastomotic leak and stricture and chyle leak can selectively decrease length of stay and costs of managing complications.
    Thoracic Surgery Clinics 11/2013; 23(4):535-50. DOI:10.1016/j.thorsurg.2013.07.003 · 0.77 Impact Factor
Show more