Article

An Examination of Strategies for Preventing Workplace Homicides Committed by Perpetrators That Have a Prior Relationship With the Workplace or Its Employees.

Department of Orthopedics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (Dr Marshall) Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (Dr Runyan)
Journal of occupational and environmental medicine / American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (Impact Factor: 1.88). 11/2012; DOI: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e31826e2928
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE:: To determine whether recommended robbery prevention strategies also protect against workplace homicide committed by a perpetrator who has a relationship with either the workplace or an employee (prior-relationship homicide). METHODS:: A case-control study examining the relationship between recommended violence prevention strategies and prior-relationship workplace homicides in North Carolina was conducted. RESULTS:: Workplaces located in an industrial park, employing minorities, reporting a history of violence, open night hours, or open 24 hours were more likely to experience prior-relationship homicide. Keeping entrances to the workplace locked when employees were present (OR = 0.36, 95% CI: 0.13, 0.99) and having at least one security device (OR = 0.28, 95% CI: 0.10, 0.74) decreased the odds of prior-relationship homicide. CONCLUSIONS:: Select strategies recommended to prevent robberies and subsequent violence may also afford protection against prior-relationship homicide.

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine non-robbery-related occupational homicides in the retail industry from 2003 to 2008. Data were abstracted from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries. Motive (robbery- or non-robbery-related) and workplace violence (WPV) typology (Type I-IV) were assigned using narrative text fields. Non-robbery-related homicide rates were calculated and compared among WPV types, demographic characteristics, and occupation. Twenty-eight percent of homicides that occurred in the retail industry were non-robbery-related. The leading event associated with non-robbery-related homicides was Type II (perpetrated by customers) (34%), followed by Type IV (perpetrated by personal relationship) (31%). The majority of homicides were due to arguments (50%). Security guards and workers in drinking establishments had the highest homicide rates per 100,000 workers (14.3 and 6.0, respectively). Non-robbery-related homicides comprised a meaningful proportion of workplace homicides in the retail industry. Research is needed to develop strategies to prevent non-robbery-related homicides specifically. Am. J. Ind. Med. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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