Estimation of train derailment probability using rail profile alterations
ABSTRACT Investigation of train derailment is a complicated job that occurs in special points with special characteristics. It depends on several variables so for successful predication, exact estimation of all effective parameters is required. Instead of this complicated job, usually a time history of variables and statistic distribution can be used. According to statistic distributions, exact determination of train derailment is practically impossible and therefore a probability function should be utilised. Angle of wheel flange, friction coefficient, axle load and train speed are effective parameters in investigation of train derailment probability. In this paper, by using statistical distributions, aforementioned parameters are investigated and derailment probability is calculated using reliability theory. To describe extra capabilities of model, derailment probability is calculated in three different curves of railway network considering real geometrical specifications of curves, amount of wear in rail profiles measured by EM120 track recording cars, axle load and operation speed.
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ABSTRACT: The optimal decisions to maintain or improve the reliability and functionality of structures and infrastructure systems can only be achieved through proper integrated management planning in a life-cycle comprehensive framework. Structure and Infrastructure Engineering (SIE) is an international journal dedicated to recent advances inmaintenance, management, and life-cycle performance of a wide range of infrastructures. The purpose of this article is to provide a brief review of the recent research accomplishments in the field of design, maintenance, life-cycle management, and optimisation of structures and infrastructures reported in papers published in SIE during the period 2005–2011. The papers are categorised under main topics and very briefly discussed.Structure and Infrastructure Engineering - STRUCT INFRASTRUCT ENG. 01/2012; 8(1):1-25.