The moral dimension of children's and adolescents' conceptualisation of tolerance to human diversity
ABSTRACT This study examined the kinds of justifications children and adolescents used to support tolerant and intolerant judgements about human diversity. For the tolerant responses, three main belief categories emerged, based on the beliefs that others should be treated fairly (fairness), empathetically (empathy) and that reason/logic ought to govern judgements (reasonableness). Fairness emerged as the most used belief to support tolerant judgements and the most commonly used combination of beliefs was found to be fairness/empathy, linking tolerance to moral reasoning, rules and values. Specifically noticeable was that 6–7‐year‐olds appealed to fairness more often in comparison to the 11–12 and 15–16‐year‐olds. Older students used a larger repertoire of beliefs to support tolerance, indicating developing cognitive maturity. There was also a tendency for females to appeal to fairness/empathy more often than males. The major constraint to positive tolerance was not prejudice toward the target groups but the adolescents' beliefs in freedom of speech as a democratic right, pointing to a conflict in values between tolerance and other human rights.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Rivka T Witenberg, May 30, 2015
SourceAvailable from: Yin Paradies
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ABSTRACT: Tolerance entails acceptance of the very things one disagrees with, disapproves of or dislikes. Tolerance can be seen as ‘a flawed virtue’ because it concerns acceptance of the differences between others and ourselves that we would rather fight, ignore, or overcome. However ‘flawed’ a virtue it may be, tolerance may be the only thing that stands between peaceful coexistence and violent inter-group conflict. This makes tolerance a topic of great scientific as well as practical importance. While scholars have systematically studied political (in)tolerance and the closely related subject of prejudice for over half a century now, many conceptual and empirical puzzles remain unsolved. This may well reflect the complex nature of tolerance and the dilemmas which are intrinsic to the idea of toleration. In this article an examination of the paradoxical nature of tolerance is followed by a review of the academic literature and empirical findings on (political) tolerance and its primary sources. To conclude, future challenges for tolerance research are outlined. It is argued that tolerance research would benefit from a stronger interdisciplinary approach: an inter-group relations perspective on tolerance would enhance our understanding of the nature of tolerance and the social circumstances in which it emerges.Current Sociology 10/2014; 62(6):905-927. DOI:10.1177/0011392114537281 · 0.90 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study analyzed some aspects of the television viewing profile and personal values of a sample of 1,318 people from the Basque Country (Spain). It also studied the relationship between said values and profile. The instruments used were the Values and Television Questionnaire (Val-TV 0.1) and the Television Habit Questionnaire (CH-TV.01). In relation to values, the results revealed that the highest scores were obtained in benevo-lence, conformity and self-direction. As regards the viewing profile, leisure and entertain-ment programs were the most popular. The characters chosen by respondents were mainly older, male, fictional characters with no profession. Furthermore, significant differences were found between values and said aspects of the viewing profile. The results found enable the relationships between values and television preferences to be viewed as an educational re-source for moral education. Resumen: El trabajo analizó en una muestra de 1318 personas del País Vasco (España) al-gunos aspectos del perfil de su consumo televisivo y sus valores personales. Igualmente se estudió la relación entre los valores y dicho perfil. Los instrumentos utilizados fueron la Es-cala de Dominios de Valores Televisivos (Val-TV 0.1) y el Cuestionario de Hábitos Televi-sivos (CH-TV.01). En los resultados, respecto a los valores, se halló que las puntuaciones más altas se obtuvieron en benevolencia, conformidad y autodirección. En cuanto al perfil de consumo destacaron los programas lúdicos y de diversión. Los personajes elegidos por la muestra fueron mayoritariamente masculinos, correspondieron a la edad madura, fueron per-sonajes de ficción y no tenían ninguna profesión. Asimismo, se encontraron diferencias sig-nificativas entre los valores y dichos aspectos del perfil de consumo. Los resultados hallados nos permiten plantear las relaciones entre los valores y las preferencias televisivas como un recurso educativo para la educación moral. Palabras clave: valores, personajes televisivos, programas de televisión, perfil de consumo, educación moral.