Maximum persisting single lead ST elevation after primary angioplasty: a good predictor of left ventricular dilatation assessed by magnetic resonance imaging.
ABSTRACT To determine the frequency and predictors of left ventricular dilatation assessed by magnetic resonance imaging among patients with a first acute myocardial infarction treated with successful primary angioplasty and stent.
Cine magnetic resonance imaging and late enhancement imaging were prospectively performed in 42 patients 1 month and more than 1 year after successful early reperfusion of a first acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (age 61 +/- 13 years, 76% men, 55% anterior myocardial infarction, and mean symptom-to-balloon time 199 +/- 130 min). Both at the 1-month and at the 15-month magnetic resonance imaging examinations, 57% of patients had left ventricular dilatation (end-systolic volume indexed > 36 ml/m2, values above the upper 95th percentile based on magnetic resonance imaging reference values for left ventricular size in normal participants). The most accurate predictor of left ventricular dilatation was maximum persisting single lead ST elevation 60 min after reperfusion (area under the curve 0.81, P = 0.001). Maximum single lead ST elevation was significantly and independently associated with larger end-systolic volume indexed (beta = 0.35, P = 0.040) after adjusting for muscle and brain isoenzyme of creatine kinase and echocardiographic wall motion score index.
More than half of patients with a first acute myocardial infarction have left ventricular dilatation despite successful primary coronary angioplasty. Maximum persisting single lead ST elevation 60 min after mechanical reperfusion represents a simple tool for predicting left ventricular dilatation.
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ABSTRACT: To study recovery of segmental wall thickening (SWT), ejection fraction (EF), and end-systolic volume (ESV) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in patients who underwent primary stenting with drug-eluting stents. Additionally, to evaluate the predictive value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based myocardial perfusion and delayed enhancement (DE) imaging. Twenty-two patients underwent cine-MRI, first-pass perfusion, and DE imaging 5 days after successful placement of a drug-eluting stent in the infarct-related coronary artery. Regional myocardial perfusion and the transmural extent of DE were evaluated. A per patient perfusion score was calculated and consisted of a summation of all segmental scores. Myocardial infarct size was quantified by measuring the volume of DE. At 5 months after AMI, cine-MRI was performed and SWT, EF, and ESV were quantified. EF increased from 48+/-11 to 55+/-9% (P<0.01). SWT at 5 months was inversely related to baseline segmental DE scores (P<0.001) and segmental perfusion scores (P<0.001). EF and ESV at 5 months were related to acute infarct size (R(2)=0.65; P<0.001 and R(2)=0.78; P<0.001, respectively) and the calculated perfusion score (R(2)=0.23; P=0.02 and R(2)=0.14; P=0.09, respectively) at baseline. Marked recovery of left ventricular function was observed in patients receiving a drug-eluting stent for AMI. DE imaging appears to be a better prognosticator than perfusion imaging.European Heart Journal 06/2005; 26(11):1070-7. · 14.72 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Fast breathhold cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has become a reference standard for the measurement of cardiac volumes, function, and mass. The implications of this for sample sizes for remodeling studies in heart failure (HF) have not been elucidated. We determined the reproducibility of CMR in HF and calculated the sample size requirements and compared them with published values for echocardiography. Breathhold gradient echo cines of the left ventricle were acquired in 20 patients with HF and 20 normal subjects. Sample size values were calculated from the interstudy standard deviation of the difference. The percentage variability of the measured parameters in our HF group of intraobserver (2.0-7.4%), interobserver (3.3-7.7%), and interstudy (2.5-4.8%) measurements was slightly larger than for our normal group (1.6-6.6%, 1.6-7.3%, and 2.0-7.3%, respectively) but remained comparable with previous studies in normal subjects. The calculated sample sizes in patients with HF for CMR to detect a 10-ml change in end-diastolic volume (n = 12) and end-systolic volume (n = 10), a 3% change in ejection fraction (n = 15), and a 10-g change in mass was (n = 9) were substantially smaller than recently published values for two-dimensional echocardiography (reduction of 81-97%). Breathhold CMR is a fast comprehensive technique for the assessment of cardiac volumes, function, and mass in HF that is accurate but also highly reproducible. This allows a considerable reduction in the patient numbers required to prove a hypothesis in research studies, which suggests a potential for important research cost savings.Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 02/2000; 2(4):271-8. · 5.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We hypothesized that preserved microvascular integrity in the area at risk would favorably influence left ventricular (LV) remodeling and long-term outcome after acute myocardial infarction. Before and after successful primary angioplasty (percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty [PTCA]), 124 patients with acute myocardial infarction underwent intracoronary myocardial contrast echo (MCE). An MCE score index (MCESI) was derived by averaging the single-segment score (0=not visible, 1=patchy, 2=homogeneous contrast effect) within the area at risk. An MCESI > or =1 was considered adequate reperfusion. Mean follow-up was 46+/-32 months. After PTCA, 100 patients showed adequate reperfusion (no microvascular dysfunction, NoMD), whereas 24 did not (MD). MD patients had a higher mean creatine kinase (4153+/-2422 versus 2743+/-1774 U/L; P=0.002) and baseline wall-motion score index (2.61+/-0.31 versus 2.25+/-0.42; P<0.001) and a lower baseline ejection fraction (33+/-8% versus 40+/-7%; P<0.001). From day 1 on, LV volumes progressively increased in the MD patients (n=19) and were larger than those of NoMD patients (n=85) at 6 months (end-diastolic volume 170+/-55 versus 115+/-29 mL; P<0.001). MCESI was the most important independent predictor of LV dilation (OR 0.61, 95% CI 0.52 to 0.71, P<0.000001). By Cox analysis, MD represented the only predictor of cardiac death (OR 0.26, 95% CI 0.09 to 0.72, P=0.010) and combined events (cardiac death, reinfarction, and heart failure; OR 0.44, 95% CI 0.23 to 0.85, P=0.014). MD patients showed worse survival in terms of cardiac death (P<0.0001) and combined events (P<0.0001). In reperfused acute myocardial infarction, MD within the risk area is an important predictor of both LV remodeling and unfavorable long-term outcome.Circulation 03/2004; 109(9):1121-6. · 14.95 Impact Factor