The Separation of Acetone-Methanol Mixture by Extractive Distillation

Chemical Engineering Communications (Impact Factor: 1.1). 06/1988; 68(1):69-79. DOI: 10.1080/00986448808940398


Acetone and methanol can not be readily separated by ordinary distillation because of the presence of the minimum boiling azeotrope. Either acetone or methanol can be the overhead product when an appropriate agent is applied in extractive distillation. An unusual phenomenon, “temperature inversion”, was observed when ketones were used as the extractive distillation agents. The dissolving of the vapors into the liquid phase could be the cause for the overhead at a temperature higher than that of the stillpot.

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    ABSTRACT: In addition to a minimum reflux, every extractive distillation exhibits a maximum reflux, above which the desired separation is impossible, and a minimum entrainer flow rate, below which the separation is also impossible. Both of these quantities correspond to bifurcations of the finite difference equations describing the middle section of the column and, given a VLE model, can be easily calculated knowing only information about the column feed and the desired product compositions, that is, prior to any column design calculations. Both maximum reflux and minimum entrainer flows have important implications for the design and operation of extractive distillations. By limiting the range of feasible operating reflux ratios, the maximum reflux affects the flexibility, operability and controllability of the column. Ranking a set of feasible extractive entrainers according to their minimum entrainer flows provides a simple effective method for identifying the most promising candidates. Near optimal design values of the entrainer flow can then be estimated using the heuristic presented.
    AIChE Journal 02/1994; 40(2):243 - 268. DOI:10.1002/aic.690400206 · 2.75 Impact Factor

  • Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, 08/2004; , ISBN: 0471238961
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    ABSTRACT: Different scenarios for handling wastewaters of different concentrations containing acetone and methanol (in equimolar quantities) in order to remove and/or recover organic components are investigated by rigorous simulation. The extractive and pressure swing distillation processes are optimized by genetic algorithm (GA). The different alternatives including incineration of the whole amount of waste are compared on the basis of the capital, operation, and total annual costs. The influence of the water content of the waste mixture is also investigated. The best results are obtained with the separation of the whole quantity of the waste mixture into specified purity products by extractive distillation. The results obtained for pressure swing distillation with heat integration remained only slightly under those of the extractive distillation.
    Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 08/2012; 51(35):11473–11481. DOI:10.1021/ie300331d · 2.59 Impact Factor
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