Response of cementoblast-like cells to mechanical tensile or compressive stress at physiological levels in vitro

State Key Laboratory of Oral Disease, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People's Republic of China.
Molecular Biology Reports (Impact Factor: 2.02). 11/2008; 36(7):1741-8. DOI: 10.1007/s11033-008-9376-3
Source: PubMed


To clarify the role of cementoblast in orthodontic-related root resorption, this study was attempted to examine whether murine cementoblast-like cells are responsive to mechanical stress, and how mechanical forces regulate bone sialoprotein (BSP) and osteopontin (OPN) gene expression in these cells in vitro. In this force-loading model, defined and reproducible mechanical loadings of different magnitudes and types were applied up to 24 h. Besides a transitory and reversible change in cell proliferation, remarkable alterations in gene transcription of BSP and OPN were found. BSP mRNA was suppressed by the stresses. Three and six hours-loadings at 2,000 microstrain up-regulated the expression of OPN mRNA, while the other loadings inhibited it. The study also concluded that 4,000 microstrain was likely to exert more influence on cementoblast-like cells than 2,000 microstrain. Furthermore, no obvious evidence indicated the difference between tension and compression. These results suggested that cementoblast-like cells are sensitive to mechanical stress, and may play a role in regulating orthodontic-related root resorption/repair.

6 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Osteopontin (OPN) plays an important role in metastasis and relapse of human cancer. However, the whole story of OPN relating to cancer has been far from clear untill now. To investigate the expression of OPN in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its relationships with recurrence and metastasis of HCC, normal and malignant liver tissues from patients with HCC were analyzed using immunohistochemical staining. OPN expression was inhibited by small interfering RNA (siRNA) in HCC cells lines, and then colony formation and matrigel invasion were examined. The results showed that expression of OPN was associated with metastasis of HCC with a positive rate of OPN in the tissue of HCC (70.00%), which was highly more obvious than those in paracarcinoma tissue and normal liver tissue (P < 0.01). In HCC cell lines, OPN depletion could reduce formed colony and metastasizing numbers in vitro. In conclusion, Expression of OPN in the tissue of HCC is related to metastasis or metastases. Specific siRNA could decrease expressions of OPN at both mRNA and protein levels, and abates the invasiveness of hepatocellular carcinoma cells, suggesting that OPN might be a promising agent for treatment of metastasis and recurrence of HCC.
    Molecular Biology Reports 12/2010; 38(8):5205-10. DOI:10.1007/s11033-010-0671-4 · 2.02 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cementoblasts are cells that produce, secrete and direct the production of cementum. Resorption lacunae occur in over 90% of teeth at the compression side of the periodontal ligament and might result in an irreversible loss of the original root length. We isolated and cultivated human primary cementoblasts and investigated their expression pattern concerning markers of the osteoblastogenic differentiation (RUNX2, OCN, ALP, and BSP) and CEMP-1. Compared to osteoblasts, cementoblasts displayed an expression pattern comparable to osteoblasts in an early stage of osteoblastogenic differentiation. Next, the human primary cementoblasts were stimulated with IL-1β (1 and 10ng/ml) for 24 and 96h and subsequently subjected to compressive forces (30.3g/cm(2)) for 1 and 6h. Our in vitro data demonstrated that BSP and CEMP-1 expression significantly decreased when stimulation was accompanied by compression, while compression or stimulation alone led to increased levels of BSP and decreased levels of CEMP-1. We concluded that human primary cementoblasts subjected to compression and IL-1β stimulation impeded BSP and CEMP-1 expression, proteins that are associated with cementogenesis.
    European journal of cell biology 05/2012; 91(5):402-12. DOI:10.1016/j.ejcb.2011.12.005 · 3.83 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mechanical stress plays a crucial role in bone formation and absorption. We investigated the osteoblastic differentiation of bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) affected by intermittent traction stretch at different time points and explored the mechanism of osteoblastic differentiation under this special mechanical stimulation. The BMSCs and C3H10T1/2 cells were subjected to 10% elongation for 1-7 days using a Flexcell Strain Unit, and then the mRNA levels of osteoblastic genes and the expression of core-binding factor a1 (Cbfa1) were examined. Furthermore, we focused specifically on the role of the extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2) and Cbfa1 in the osteogenesis of BMSCs stimulated by the stretch. The results of these experiments showed that the stretch induces a time-dependent increase in the expression of osteoblastic genes. The synthesis of osteoblastic genes was downregulated after the knockdown of Cbfa1 expression by short-interfering RNA. Furthermore, the stress-induced increase in the expression of Cbfa1 mRNA and osteoblastic genes was inhibited by U0126, an ERK1/2 inhibitor. These results indicate that long periods of intermittent traction stretch promote osteoblastic differentiation of BMSCs through the ERK1/2-activated Cbfa1 signaling pathway.
    Connective tissue research 07/2012; 53(6). DOI:10.3109/03008207.2012.702815 · 1.61 Impact Factor
Show more