Racial Profiling: At What Price?
Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice (Impact Factor: 0.37). 03/2003; 3:79-88. DOI: 10.1300/J158v03n02_05
This commentary briefly reviews the research findings and legal issues surrounding racial profiling. Whether in airports or on highways, racial profiling has harmful effects to those targeted. The research, although limited, has shown that it is an ineffective method of crime prevention, and has deleterious effects on the already fragile bond between law enforcement and its citizenry. It is argued here that the negative impact of racial profiling outweigh its benefits.
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ABSTRACT: The volatile political environment that surrounds the issue of “racial profiling” has led local and state police agencies across the nation to start collecting information about traffic and pedestrian stops. The controversy over this issue is overwhelmed by the unsupported assumption that all race-based decision making by police officers is motivated by individual police officers' racial prejudice. This article reviews recently published studies on racial profiling and critiques both their methods and conclusions. Using the conceptual framework for police research presented by Bernard and Engel, it reviews a number of theories that may explain racial disparities in the rates of police stops. The authors argue that to explain police behavior better, theoretical models must guide future data collection efforts.Justice Quarterly 06/2002; 19(2):249-273. DOI:10.1080/07418820200095231 · 1.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Racial profiling by the police has become an increasingly controversial issue in recent years, but we know little about the extent of the problem and even less about public perceptions of profiling. This article analyzes recent national survey data on citizens' views of racial profiling. We find that both race and personal experience with profiling are strong predictors of attitudes toward profiling and that, among blacks, social class affects views of the prevalence and acceptability of the practice. The findings on social class point to the need for further investigation and explanation of class influences on evaluations of the police.Criminology 05/2002; 40(2):435-456. DOI:10.1111/j.1745-9125.2002.tb00962.x · 2.47 Impact Factor
Article: Racial Profiling Under Attack[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The events of September 11, 2001, have sparked a fierce debate over racial profiling. Many who readily condemned the practice a year ago have had second thoughts. In the wake of September 11, the Department of Justice initiated a program of interviewing thousands of men who arrived in this country in the past two years from countries with an al Qaeda presence - a program that some attack as racial profiling, and others defend as proper law enforcement. In this Essay, Professors Gross and Livingston use that program as the focus of a discussion of the meaning of racial profiling, its use in a variety of contexts, and its relationship to other police practices that take race or ethnicity into account.Columbia Law Review 06/2002; 102(5). DOI:10.2307/1123676 · 3.36 Impact Factor
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