Real-time sonoelastography of hepatic thermal lesions in a swine model.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Rochester, Rochester New York 14627, USA.
Medical Physics (Impact Factor: 3.01). 10/2008; 35(9):4132-41. DOI: 10.1118/1.2968939
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Sonoelastography has been developed as an ultrasound-based elasticity imaging technique. In this technique, external vibration is induced into the target tissue. In general, tissue stiffness is inversely proportional to the amplitude of tissue vibration. Imaging tissue vibration will provide the elasticity distribution in the target region. This study investigated the feasibility of using real-time sonoelastography to detect and estimate the volume of thermal lesions in porcine livers in vivo. A total of 32 thermal lesions with volumes ranging from 0.2 to 5.3 cm3 were created using radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) technique. Lesions were imaged using sonoelastography and coregistered B-mode ultrasound. Volumes were reconstructed from a sequence of two-dimensional scans. The comparison of sonoelastographic measurements and pathology findings showed good correlation with respect to the area of the lesions (r2 = 0.8823 for RFA lesions, r2 = 0.9543 for HIFU lesions). In addition, good correspondence was found between three-dimensional sonoelastography and gross pathology (3.6% underestimate), demonstrating the feasibility of sonoelastography for volume estimation of thermal lesions. These results support that sonoelastography outperforms conventional B-mode ultrasound and could potentially be used for assessment of thermal therapies.

Download full-text


Available from: Kenneth Hoyt, Jul 02, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) induces thermal lesions by increasing the tissue temperature in a tight focal region. The main ultrasound imaging techniques currently used to monitor HIFU treatment are standard pulse-echo B-mode ultrasound imaging, ultrasound temperature estimation and elastography-based methods. The present study was carried out on ex vivo animal tissue samples, in which backscattered radiofrequency (RF) signals were acquired in real time at time instances before, during and after HIFU treatment. The manifold learning algorithm, a non-linear dimensionality reduction method, was applied to RF signals which construct B-mode images to detect the HIFU-induced changes among the image frames obtained during HIFU treatment. In this approach, the embedded non-linear information in the region of interest of sequential images is represented in a 2-D manifold with the Isomap algorithm, and each image is depicted as a point on the reconstructed manifold. Four distinct regions are chosen in the manifold corresponding to the four phases of HIFU treatment (before HIFU treatment, during HIFU treatment, immediately after HIFU treatment and 10-min after HIFU treatment). It was found that disorganization of the points is achieved by increasing the acoustic power, and if the thermal lesion has been formed, the regions of points related to pre- and post-HIFU significantly differ. Moreover, the manifold embedding was repeated on 2-D moving windows in RF data envelopes related to pre- and post-HIFU exposure data frames. It was concluded that if mean values of the points related to pre- and post-exposure frames in the reconstructed manifold are estimated, and if the Euclidean distance between these two mean values is calculated and the sliding window is moved and this procedure is repeated for the whole image, a new image based on the Euclidean distance can be formed in which the HIFU thermal lesion is detectable.
    Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 10/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2014.07.021 · 2.10 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recent advances in elastography have provided several imaging modalities capable of quantifying the elasticity of tissue, an intrinsic tissue property. This information is useful for determining tumour margins and may also be useful for diagnosing specific tumour types. In this study, we used dynamic compression testing to quantify the viscoelastic properties of 16 human hepatic primary and secondary malignancies and their corresponding background tissue obtained following surgical resection. Two additional backgrounds were also tested. An analysis of the background tissue showed that F4-graded fibrotic liver tissue was significantly stiffer than F0-graded tissue, with a modulus contrast of 4:1. Steatotic liver tissue was slightly stiffer than normal liver tissue, but not significantly so. The tumour-to-background storage modulus contrast of hepatocellular carcinomas, a primary tumour, was approximately 1:1, and the contrast decreased with increasing fibrosis grade of the background tissue. Ramp testing showed that the background stiffness increased faster than the malignant tissue. Conversely, secondary tumours were typically much stiffer than the surrounding background, with a tumour-to-background contrast of 10:1 for colon metastases and 10:1 for cholangiocarcinomas. Ramp testing showed that colon metastases stiffened faster than their corresponding backgrounds. These data have provided insights into the mechanical properties of specific tumour types, which may prove beneficial as the use of quantitative stiffness imaging increases.
    Physics in Medicine and Biology 04/2012; 57(8):2273-86. DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/57/8/2273 · 2.92 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Effective real-time monitoring of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation is important for application of HIFU technology in interventional electrophysiology. This study investigated rapid, high-frequency M-mode ultrasound imaging for monitoring spatiotemporal changes during HIFU application. HIFU (4.33 MHz, 1 kHz PRF, 50% duty cycle, 1 s, 2600‒6100 W/cm²) was applied to ex vivo porcine cardiac tissue specimens with a confocally and perpendicularly aligned high-frequency imaging system (Visualsonics Vevo 770, 55 MHz center frequency). Radio-frequency (RF) data from M-mode imaging (1 kHz PRF, 2 s × 7 mm) was acquired before, during and after HIFU treatment (n = 12). Among several strategies, the temporal maximum integrated backscatter with a threshold of +12 dB change showed the best results for identifying final lesion width (receiver-operating characteristic curve area 0.91 ± 0.04, accuracy 85 ± 8%, compared with macroscopic images of lesions). A criterion based on a line-to-line decorrelation coefficient is proposed for identification of transient gas bodies.
    Ultrasound in medicine & biology 04/2012; 38(4):626-41. DOI:10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2012.01.004 · 2.10 Impact Factor