Potassium fluxes, energy metabolism, and oxygenation in intact diabetic rat hearts under normal and stress conditions.
ABSTRACT We evaluated the function of Na(+)/K(+) ATPase and sarcolemmal K(ATP) channels in diabetic rat hearts. Six weeks after streptozotocin (STZ) injection, unidirectional K(+) fluxes were assayed by using (87)rubidium ((87)Rb(+)) MRS. The hearts were loaded with Rb(+) by perfusion with Krebs-Henseleit buffer, in which 50% of K(+) was substituted with Rb(+). The rate constant of Rb(+) uptake via Na(+)/K(+) ATPase was reduced. K(ATP)-mediated Rb(+) efflux was activated metabolically with 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP, 50 micromol.L(-1)) or pharmacologically with a K(ATP) channel opener, P-1075 (5 micromol.L(-1)). Cardiac energetics were monitored by using (31)P MRS and optical spectroscopy. DNP produced a smaller ATP decrease, yet similar Rb(+) efflux activation in STZ hearts. In K(+)-arrested hearts, P-1075 had no effect on high-energy phosphates and stimulated Rb(+) efflux by interaction with SUR2A subunit of K(ATP) channel; this stimulation was greater in STZ hearts. In normokalemic hearts, P-1075 caused cardiac arrest and ATP decline, and the stimulation of Rb(+) efflux was lower in normokalemic STZ hearts arrested by P-1075. Thus, the Rb(+)efflux stimulation in STZ hearts was altered depending on the mode of K(ATP) channel activation: pharmacologic stimulation (P-1075) was enhanced, whereas metabolic stimulation (DNP) was reduced. Both the basal concentration of phosphocreatine ([PCr]) and [PCr]/[ATP] were reduced; nevertheless, the STZ hearts were more or equally resistant to metabolic stress.