Effect of weight loss on markers of triglyceride-rich lipoprotein metabolism in the metabolic syndrome.
ABSTRACT Hypertriglyceridaemia, a consistent feature of dyslipidaemia in the metabolic syndrome (MetS), is related to the extent of abdominal fat mass and altered adipocytokine secretion. We determined the effect of weight loss by dietary restriction on markers of triglyceride-rich lipoprotein (TRL) metabolism and plasma adipocytokines.
Thirty-five men with MetS participated in a 16 week randomized controlled dietary intervention study. Apolipoprotein (apo) C-III, apoB-48, remnant-like particle (RLP)-cholesterol, total adiponectin, high-molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin, and retinol-binding protein-4 (RBP-4) concentrations were measured using immunoassays.
Compared with weight maintenance (n = 15), weight loss (n = 20) significantly decreased body weight, plasma insulin, triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol and lathosterol (P < 0.05). Weight loss also decreased plasma concentrations of apoC-III (-33%), apoB-48 (-37%), very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)-apoB (-43%), RLP-cholesterol (-48%), and RBP-4 (-20%), and significantly increased plasma total (+20%) and HMW-adiponectin (+19%) concentrations. In the weight loss group, reduction in plasma apoC-III was associated (P < 0.05) with reduction in plasma apoB-48, VLDL-apoB, RLP-cholesterol and triglycerides. Increase in total adiponectin was associated (P < 0.05) with the reduction in plasma VLDL-apoB and triglycerides. The changes in HMW-adiponectin and RBP-4 were not associated with changes in plasma apoB-48, apoC-III, VLDL-apoB, RLP-cholesterol or triglycerides. In multiple regression analysis including changes in visceral fat, insulin and total adiponectin concentrations, the fall in plasma apoC-III concentration was an independent predictor of the reductions in plasma apoB-48, VLDL-apoB, RLP-cholesterol and triglycerides concentrations.
In men with MetS, weight loss decreases the plasma concentrations of apoB-48, VLDL-apoB, RLP-cholesterol and triglycerides. This effect could partly relate to concomitant changes in plasma apoC-III and adiponectin concentrations that accelerate the catabolism of TRLs.
Article: The consumption of food products from linseed-fed animals maintains erythrocyte omega-3 fatty acids in obese humans.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Based on mechanistic and epidemiological data, we raise the question of the relationship between qualitative dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) changes and increase in obesity. In this double-blind trial, we studied the effects on 160 overweight volunteers (body mass index, BMI >30) of a 90 days experimental diet rich principally in animal fat with a low PUFA/saturated fatty acid (SFA) ratio but a low n-6/n-3 ratio, using animal products obtained from linseed-fed animals. The control diet provided less animal fat, a higher PUFA/SFA ratio and a higher n-6/n-3 ratio. Both diets excluded seafood. In the experimental group, we observed a significant increase in red blood cell (RBC) alpha-linolenic acid content and a slight increase in EPA and DHA derivatives, while in the control group we observed a significant reduction in EPA and DHA content. Between groups now, the difference in the three n-3 fatty acids changes in RBC was significant. This demonstrates that plasma EPA and DHA levels can be maintained without fish if products from linseed-fed animals are used. During the diets, we noted a significant reduction in weight, BMI and hip circumference within both groups of volunteers. However, no significant difference was observed between the control group and the experimental group. Interestingly, 150 days after the end of the trial (i.e., day 240), we noted a significant weight gain in the control group, whereas no significant weight gain was observed in the experimental group. This was also observed for the BMI and hip circumference. Moreover, significant differences in BMI (P < 0.05) and weight (P = 0.05) appeared between the two groups, showing in both cases a smaller increase in the experimental group. During the 90 days trial, we did not observe any differences between groups in terms of total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol or triglycerides, suggesting that the saturate content and the P/S ratio are not as important as the n-6 and n-3 fatty acid composition.Lipids 12/2009; 45(1):11-9. · 2.13 Impact Factor