Health Attitudes, Beliefs, and Risk Behaviors Among Adolescents and Young Adults With Type 1 Diabetes
ABSTRACT Decision making about engaging in health-promoting and health-compromising behaviors among adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes is an important but understudied topic. The purpose of this study was to describe the health attitudes, beliefs, risk behaviors, and general psychological functioning of adolescents and young adults with diabetes and to compare these psychosocial aspects of health to those of adolescents and young adults without diabetes. Fifty-three adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes and 53 demographically matched controls were recruited from 2 pediatric teaching hospitals and administered a confidential self-report questionnaire consisting of individual survey items and standardized scales. Compared to healthy adolescents and young adults, adolescents and young adults with diabetes had more frequent thoughts about health and sickness, rated their health as poorer, viewed smoking as less addictive, reported greater symptoms of depression, and reported greater exposure to smoking in their households, but less smoking experimentation. Poorer metabolic control was associated with decreased physical activity. Additional research on the design and implementation of diabetes-specific cardiovascular disorder and tobacco control programs for adolescents and young adults is warranted.
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ABSTRACT: Cigarette smoking and other forms of tobacco use are addictive and harmful. Though no level of smoking is safe, children and adolescents who are medically at-risk due to the presence of a chronic or life-threatening disease may be especially vulnerable to these dangers. This article provides an overview of considerations in the prevention of tobacco use in this special population. This article summarizes medical aspects of childhood chronic disease and the impact of cigarette smoking, the prevalence of tobacco screening in pediatric healthcare, and levels of prevention for individuals, families, schools, and healthcare. Recommendations for clinical services and research are also included. There are a number of reasons to prevent and interrupt the onset of smoking in medically at-risk youth. Subspecialty clinics appear to be the most likely point of entry for prevention-based work in this area. However, no one single setting will be effective in preventing and deterring use without due consideration of other settings, perspectives, and influences on smoking uptake. The promise of smoking prevention to improve the health and outlook of children and adolescents with chronic or life-threatening disease is high, and additional efforts are needed for this population.Journal of Pediatric Psychology 04/2008; 33(2):119-32. DOI:10.1093/jpepsy/jsm132 · 2.91 Impact Factor
- Journal of Pediatric Psychology 04/2008; 33(2):113-8. DOI:10.1093/jpepsy/jsm134 · 2.91 Impact Factor