Article

Comparison of Role Demands, Relationships, and Child Functioning in Single-Mother, Single-Father, and Intact Families

Journal of Divorce & Remarriage 10/2001; 35:29-56. DOI: 10.1300/J087v35n01_02

ABSTRACT Numerous studies have examined the impact of divorce on parents and children, but most of these studies have been restricted to single-mother families. This study compared differences in role demands, relationships, and child functioning using the responses of parents and children in 30 single-mother, 30 single-father, and 30 intact families. Single fathers had better resources than single mothers, more positive parenting than married fathers, and relied more on friends than the married parents. Single mothers had less education, less prestigious jobs, lower incomes, and more economic strain than the other parents. They also had fewer social resources and more difficulty than married parents with the parenting role. Despite these disadvantages of single mother families, children in these families were no different than children in other families on most measures of well-being. The only problem that was identified in the functioning of children from single-parent families was with their behavior. These findings can be used to develop strategies to reduce risks and enhance the existing resources and strengths of single-parent families.

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Available from: Esther Devall, Jul 18, 2014
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    • "Boys tend to engage in more bullying behaviors and more proactive and reactive aggression compared to girls, although no gender differences in the prevalence rates of victimization have been reported (Mayberry and Espelage 2007; Schwartz et al. 2001; Seals and Young 2003; Solberg et al. 2007). In addition, children in single-parent families tend to score higher on behavioral problems (Hilton et al. 2001) and, according to previous findings, children exhibiting instrumental forms of aggression are more likely to have less educated parents and to come from single-parent status families (Raine et al. 2006). "
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    • "comportamento materno no desenvolvimento infantil. Alguns estudos indicam que, de modo geral, as famílias de mães solteiras têm sido caracterizadas como tendo maior dificuldade com os papéis parentais e maiores níveis de comportamento parental negativo do que as mães casadas, devido ao uso de práticas educativas ineficazes e a um menor envolvimento, controle e supervisão dos filhos/as (Hilton et al., 2001). Por exemplo, Bronstein, Clauson, Stoll e Abrams (1993) compararam a parentagem e o consequente ajustamento social, psicológico e acadêmico de crianças caucasianas em diversas estruturas familiares por meio de questionários e escalas sobre a efetividade e o envolvimento parental, revelando que os pais nas famílias nucleares tenderam a ser mais envolvidos com seus filhos/as, levando-os a atividades culturais e recreacionais, realizando atividades em conjunto e falando com eles sobre os seus problemas. "
    01/2010; 40(4).
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    • "Boys tend to engage in more bullying behaviors and more proactive and reactive aggression compared to girls, although no gender differences in the prevalence rates of victimization have been reported (Mayberry and Espelage 2007; Schwartz et al. 2001; Seals and Young 2003; Solberg et al. 2007). In addition, children in single-parent families tend to score higher on behavioral problems (Hilton et al. 2001) and, according to previous findings, children exhibiting instrumental forms of aggression are more likely to have less educated parents and to come from single-parent status families (Raine et al. 2006). "
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    ABSTRACT: The current study investigated the relation of callous-unemotional (CU) traits to bullying, victimization, and proactive and reactive aggression. We also examined whether CU traits will be more strongly related to groups of children exhibiting combined or pure forms of proactive and reactive aggression and combined or pure forms of bullying and victimization. The findings suggested that the presence of CU traits, which consists of three dimensions of behavior, uncaring, callousness, and unemotional, may designate important subgroups of aggressive children. Evidence suggested that the adolescents characterized by higher levels of CU traits were more likely to exhibit combined proactive and reactive aggression in comparison to pure forms of proactive or reactive aggression. Additionally, bullies scored higher on the uncaring dimension, and bully-victims (adolescents exhibiting both bullying and victimization) scored higher on the callous dimension. In contrast, victims of bullying scored lower on the uncaring dimension of behavior.
    Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 12/2008; 31(4):285-298. DOI:10.1007/s10862-008-9111-3 · 1.55 Impact Factor
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