Ultrafiltration in Decompensated Heart Failure with Cardiorenal Syndrome

Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta (E.O.O.)
New England Journal of Medicine (Impact Factor: 54.42). 11/2012; 367(24). DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1210357
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Background Ultrafiltration is an alternative strategy to diuretic therapy for the treatment of patients with acute decompensated heart failure. Little is known about the efficacy and safety of ultrafiltration in patients with acute decompensated heart failure complicated by persistent congestion and worsened renal function. Methods We randomly assigned a total of 188 patients with acute decompensated heart failure, worsened renal function, and persistent congestion to a strategy of stepped pharmacologic therapy (94 patients) or ultrafiltration (94 patients). The primary end point was the bivariate change from baseline in the serum creatinine level and body weight, as assessed 96 hours after random assignment. Patients were followed for 60 days. Results Ultrafiltration was inferior to pharmacologic therapy with respect to the bivariate end point of the change in the serum creatinine level and body weight 96 hours after enrollment (P=0.003), owing primarily to an increase in the creatinine level in the ultrafiltration group. At 96 hours, the mean change in the creatinine level was -0.04±0.53 mg per deciliter (-3.5±46.9 μmol per liter) in the pharmacologic-therapy group, as compared with +0.23±0.70 mg per deciliter (20.3±61.9 μmol per liter) in the ultrafiltration group (P=0.003). There was no significant difference in weight loss 96 hours after enrollment between patients in the pharmacologic-therapy group and those in the ultrafiltration group (a loss of 5.5±5.1 kg [12.1±11.3 lb] and 5.7±3.9 kg [12.6±8.5 lb], respectively; P=0.58). A higher percentage of patients in the ultrafiltration group than in the pharmacologic-therapy group had a serious adverse event (72% vs. 57%, P=0.03). Conclusions In a randomized trial involving patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure, worsened renal function, and persistent congestion, the use of a stepped pharmacologic-therapy algorithm was superior to a strategy of ultrafiltration for the preservation of renal function at 96 hours, with a similar amount of weight loss with the two approaches. Ultrafiltration was associated with a higher rate of adverse events. (Funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; number, NCT00608491 .).


Available from: Eric J Velazquez, Apr 01, 2014
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Renal dysfunction is a frequent finding in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) and an important prognostic factor for adverse outcomes. Worsening of renal function occurs in 30-50 % of patients hospitalised for AHF, and is associated with increased mortality, prolonged hospital stay and increased risk of readmission. Likely mechanisms involved in the decrease in renal function include impaired haemodynamics and activation of neurohormonal factors, such as the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, the sympathetic nervous system and the arginine-vasopressin system. Additionally, many drugs currently used to treat AHF have a detrimental effect on renal function. Therefore, pharmacotherapy for AHF should carefully take into account any potential complications related to renal function. Serelaxin, currently in clinical development for the treatment of AHF is a recombinant form of human relaxin-2, identical in structure to the naturally occurring human relaxin-2 peptide hormone that mediates cardiac and renal adaptations during pregnancy. Data from both pre-clinical and clinical studies indicate a potentially beneficial effect of serelaxin on kidney function. In this review, we discuss the mechanisms and impact of impairment of renal function in AHF, and the potential benefits of new therapies, such as serelaxin, in this context.
    Clinical Research in Cardiology 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00392-015-0839-y · 4.17 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This case offers a starting point for a literature review on peritoneal ultrafiltration in refractory heart failure.
    03/2015; 6(3):2054270414560922. DOI:10.1177/2054270414560922
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cardiorenal syndrome type 2 (CRS-2) is common in end-stage chronic heart failure (CHF). Peritoneal ultrafiltration (pUF) may entail clinical functional improvement and a reduction in hospitalizations. Thirty-nine consecutive end-stage CHF patients with stable CRS-2 were initiated on ambulatory pUF after interdisciplinary cardiological/nephrological evaluation and prospectively followed for 1 year. All-cause hospitalization was the primary end point. Secondary end points included mortality, treatment alteration and change in weight, NYHA functional class or quality of life (QoL). Outcomes were compared both within the pUF cohort (365 prior to initiation) and with 39 matched CHF patients receiving standard medical treatment. Compared with pretreatment, there was a trend to a reduction in 1-year hospitalization days in the pUF group (P = 0.07). One-year mortality was 33% in the pUF group and 23% in the matched control cohort. pUF was stopped in eight patients (18%) due to recurrent peritonitis (n = 3), insufficient ultrafiltration (n = 3) or cardiac recompensation (n = 1). Compared with standard medical treatment, pUF significantly improved volume overload (P < 0.05), NYHA functional class (P < 0.001) and mental health (P < 0.05). Moreover, hospitalization days for all causes as well as cardiovascular hospitalization days were significantly reduced during the interim periods in the pUF group (P < 0.05 and P < 0.001, respectively). pUF is effective in improving the clinical condition of end-stage CHF patients suffering from CRS-2. Randomized controlled trials are needed to clarify the effects of pUF on hospitalization and mortality in these patients.
    04/2015; 8(2). DOI:10.1093/ckj/sfv007