Background and objectives:
To analyze the utilization and hospital charges associated with robotic (RS) versus laparoscopic (LS) versus open surgery (OS) in endometrial cancer patients.
Hospital discharge data were extracted from Florida Agency for Health Care Administration between October 2008 and December 2009.
Of 2,247 patients (median age: 64 years), 29% had RS, 10% had LS, and 61% had OS. The mean length of hospital stay was 1.6, 1.8, and 3.9 days for RS, LS, and OS, respectively (P < 0.001). The median hospital charge was $51,569, $37,202, and $36,492, for RS, LS, and OS (P < 0.001), with operating room charges ($22,600, $13,684, and $11,272) accounting for the major difference. Robotic surgery utilization increased by 11% (23-34%) over time.
In this statewide analysis of endometrial cancer patients, the utilization of robotic surgery increased and is associated with higher hospital charges compared to laparoscopic and open procedures.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In order to assess the effectiveness and costs of robot-assisted hysterectomy compared with conventional techniques we reviewed the literature separately for benign and malignant conditions, and conducted a cost analysis for different techniques of hysterectomy from a hospital economic database. Unlimited systematic literature search of Medline, Cochrane and CRD databases produced only two randomized trials, both for benign conditions. For the outcome assessment, data from two HTA reports, one systematic review, and 16 original articles were extracted and analyzed. Furthermore, one cost modelling and 13 original cost studies were analyzed.
In malignant conditions, less blood loss, fewer complications and a shorter hospital stay were considered as the main advantages of robot-assisted surgery, like any mini-invasive technique when compared to open surgery. There were no significant differences between the techniques regarding oncological outcomes. When compared to laparoscopic hysterectomy, the main benefit of robot-assistance was a shorter learning curve associated with fewer conversions but the length of robotic operation was often longer. In benign conditions, no clinically significant differences were reported and vaginal hysterectomy was considered the optimal choice when feasible.
According to Finnish data, the costs of robot-assisted hysterectomies were 1.5–3 times higher than the costs of conventional techniques. In benign conditions the difference in cost was highest. Because of expensive disposable supplies, unit costs were high regardless of the annual number of robotic operations. Hence, in the current distribution of cost pattern, economical effectiveness cannot be markedly improved by increasing the volume of robotic surgery.
European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology 06/2014; 177. DOI:10.1016/j.ejogrb.2014.03.010 · 1.70 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study aimed to assess the safety of robotic surgery for older women undergoing surgery for endometrial cancer.
A retrospective chart review of women undergoing surgery for endometrial cancer between October 2010 and December 2012 was conducted at the authors' institution. This cohort was divided by age (≥65 vs <65 years) and surgical approach (laparotomy vs robotic surgery). Postoperative morbidity and mortality were compared using standard statistical analysis.
Of 228 patients identified, 73 (32 %) were 65 years old or older, and 98 (43 %) had undergone robotic surgery. Among the robotic surgery patients, women 65 years old or older had a higher Charlson comorbidity score (7.6 vs 4.9; p < 0.01) and were more likely to undergo pelvic lymphadenectomy (73 vs 39 %; p < 0.01). The complication rates did not differ between the groups except for increased urinary retention in the older group (15 % vs 3 %; p = 0.04). Older patients had a longer hospital stay (2.2 vs 1.3 days; p < 0.01) and a similar rate of discharge home (100 vs 96 %; p = 0.09). For the patients 65 years old or older, robotic surgery was associated with less blood loss (131 vs 235 ml; p = 0.03), a lower rate of ileus (0 vs 15 %; p = 0.04), a lower perioperative surgical complication rate (4 vs 30 %; p = 0.01), a shorter hospital stay (2.2 vs 4.4 days; p < 0.01), and a similar rate of discharge home (96 vs 91 %; p = 0.45) compared with laparotomy.
Robotic surgery appears to be associated with less postoperative morbidity than laparotomy for endometrial cancer staging in women 65 years old or older. The complication rates after robotic surgery were similar between the two age groups.
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