Regulation of DARPP-32 phosphorylation by three distinct dopamine D1-like receptor signaling pathways in the neostriatum.
ABSTRACT Dopamine D(1)-like receptors play a key role in dopaminergic signaling. In addition to G(s/olf)/adenylyl cyclase (AC)-coupled D(1) receptors, the presence of D(1)-like receptors coupled to G(q)/phospholipase C (PLC) has been proposed. Benzazepine D(1) receptor agonists are known to differentially activate G(s/olf)/AC and G(q)/PLC signaling. By utilizing SKF83959 and SKF83822, we investigated the D(1)-like receptor signaling cascades, which regulate DARPP-32 phosphorylation at Thr34 (the PKA-site) in mouse neostriatal slices. Treatment with SKF83959 or SKF83822 increased DARPP-32 phosphorylation. The SKF83959- and SKF83822-induced increase in DARPP-32 phosphorylation was largely, but partially, antagonized by a D(1) receptor antagonist, SCH23390, and the residual SCH23390-insensitive increase was abolished by an adenosine A(2A) receptor antagonist. In addition, the SKF83959-induced, SCH23390-sensitive increase in DARPP-32 phosphorylation was enhanced by a PLC inhibitor. Analysis in slices from D(1)R/D(2)R-DARPP-32 mice revealed that both D(1) receptor agonists regulate DARPP-32 phosphorylation in striatonigral, but not in striatopallidal, neurons. Thus, dopamine D(1)-like receptors are coupled to three signaling cascades in striatonigral neurons: (i) SCH23390-sensitive G(s/olf)/AC/PKA, (ii) adenosine A(2A) receptor-dependent G(s/olf)/AC/PKA, and (iii) G(q)/PLC signaling. Interestingly, G(q)/PLC signaling interacts with SCH23390-sensitive G(s/olf)/AC/PKA signaling, resulting in its inhibition. Three signaling cascades activated by D(1)-like receptors likely play a distinct role in dopaminergic regulation of psychomotor functions.
Article: Changes in nucleus accumbens and neostriatal c-Fos and DARPP-32 immunoreactivity during different stages of food-reinforced instrumental training.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Nucleus accumbens is involved in several aspects of instrumental behavior, motivation and learning. Recent studies showed that dopamine (DA) release in the accumbens shell was significantly increased on the first day of training on a fixed ratio (FR) 5 schedule (i.e. the transition from FR1 to FR5) compared with those rats that continued FR1 training, even though the rats on their first day of FR5 training received less food reinforcement than rats continuing on the FR1 schedule. Additionally, the second day of FR5 responding was marked by a significant increase in DA release in accumbens core. The present studies employed immunohistochemical methods to characterize the changes in cellular markers of accumbens and neostriatal neural activity that occur during various stages of food-reinforced FR5 training. c-Fos and DARPP-32 immunoreactivity in accumbens shell was significantly increased on the first day of FR5 training, while core c-Fos and DARPP-32 expression showed large increases on the second day of FR5 training. Additional studies showed that c-Fos and DARPP-32 expression in neostriatum increased after more extensive training. Double-labeling studies with immunofluorescence methods indicated that increases in accumbens c-Fos and DARPP-32 expression were primarily seen in substance-P-positive neurons. These increases in accumbens c-Fos and DARPP-32 immunoreactivity seen during the initial phases of FR training may reflect several factors, including novelty, learning, stress or the presentation of a work-related challenge to the organism. Moreover, it appears that the separate subregions of the striatal complex are differentially activated at distinct phases of instrumental training.European Journal of Neuroscience 03/2012; 35(8):1354-67. · 3.63 Impact Factor
Article: Dopaminergic modulation of effort-related choice behavior as assessed by a progressive ratio chow feeding choice task: pharmacological studies and the role of individual differences.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Mesolimbic dopamine (DA) is involved in behavioral activation and effort-related processes. Rats with impaired DA transmission reallocate their instrumental behavior away from food-reinforced tasks with high response requirements, and instead select less effortful food-seeking behaviors. In the present study, the effects of several drug treatments were assessed using a progressive ratio (PROG)/chow feeding concurrent choice task. With this task, rats can lever press on a PROG schedule reinforced by a preferred high-carbohydrate food pellet, or alternatively approach and consume the less-preferred but concurrently available laboratory chow. Rats pass through each ratio level 15 times, after which the ratio requirement is incremented by one additional response. The DA D(2) antagonist haloperidol (0.025-0.1 mg/kg) reduced number of lever presses and highest ratio achieved but did not reduce chow intake. In contrast, the adenosine A(2A) antagonist MSX-3 increased lever presses and highest ratio achieved, but decreased chow consumption. The cannabinoid CB1 inverse agonist and putative appetite suppressant AM251 decreased lever presses, highest ratio achieved, and chow intake; this effect was similar to that produced by pre-feeding. Furthermore, DA-related signal transduction activity (pDARPP-32(Thr34) expression) was greater in nucleus accumbens core of high responders (rats with high lever pressing output) compared to low responders. Thus, the effects of DA antagonism differed greatly from those produced by pre-feeding or reduced CB1 transmission, and it appears unlikely that haloperidol reduces PROG responding because of a general reduction in primary food motivation or the unconditioned reinforcing properties of food. Furthermore, accumbens core signal transduction activity is related to individual differences in work output.PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(10):e47934. · 4.09 Impact Factor
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Excitatory synapses onto projection neurons in the striatum, the input nucleus of the basal ganglia, play a key role in regulating basal ganglia circuit function and are a major site of long-term synaptic plasticity. Here, we review the mechanisms and regulation of both long-term potentiation and long-term depression at these synapses. In particular, we highlight the role that neuromodulators play in determining the strength and direction of plasticity, which ultimately shapes the balance of activity in basal ganglia circuits and regulates motor behavior.Current opinion in neurobiology 02/2011; 21(2):322-7. · 7.21 Impact Factor