Precursors to Offending and the Trauma Outcome Process in Sexually Reactive Children

Journal of Child Sexual Abuse (Impact Factor: 0.75). 01/1992; 1:33-48. DOI: 10.1300/J070v01n01_03

ABSTRACT The authors delineate five precursors that lead to vulnerability to acting out sexually in children who have been victimized. Fielhor's preconditions for sexual perpetration are reviewed and applied to work with sexually reactive children ages 4- 12. The authors present he "Trauma Outcome Process" as an approach differentiating responses to trauma as self-victimizing. assaultive, andlor healthy coping. This article stresses that victims of sexual abuse make choices in their emotional and behavioral responses to trauma. This approach has implications for treatment.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Discussed is a comprehensive, ecologically based paradigm applicable across cultures and created to assess the effects of abusive traumatic experiences, the Trauma Outcome Process Assessment (TOPA) model (Rasmussen, 1999, 2004, 2007; Rasmussen, Burton, & Christopherson, 1992). The TOPA model comprehensively assesses the risk and protective factors and trauma outcomes that contribute to self-destructive and/or abusive behavior in youth. TOPA interventions integrate structured cognitive-behavioral treatment exercises with expressive methods (Rasmussen, 2001). TOPA may help sexually abusive youth to decrease maladaptive behavioral responses to traumatic experiences and integrate past traumas with other life events.
    Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma 01/2012; 5(1):63-80.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: As interest and concern regarding children and young people who sexually victimise other children continue to grow, common questions asked in this context relate to whether or not such behaviour constitutes a developmental phase. Are children exhibiting sexually aggressive behaviour or merely experimenting? Will they grow out of it? Should we intervene? Have they been abused and, if so, is there a link?This article reviews what is known about juvenile offenders, their offence characteristics and offence dynamics. A number of theoretical models are presented which can be used to explore the significance of sexually aggressive behaviour and. the processes informing such behaviour. Finkelhor's (1984) ‘Four Pre‐conditions’ Finkelhor and Browne's (1986) ‘Four Traumagenic Dynamics’ Carnes (1983) ‘Signs of Addiction’ Ryan and Lane's (1991) ‘Sexual Abuse Cycle’, and Rasmussen, Burton and Christopherson's (1992) ‘Trauma Outcome Process’. Utilising ‘guidelines for assessment’ developed by Groth and Lorendo (1981), the case history of an adult offender is used to highlight some of the published findings and to illustrate the importance of comprehensive assessment.
    Psychiatry Psychology and Law 01/1999; 6(1):79-91. · 0.35 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Many of the perpetrators of sexual abuse are children. Frequently, mental health counselors provide evaluation and clinical services to children who sexually abuse others. Although clinical and empirical data have been offered about sexually aggressive children, few have suggested the necessary components of clinical treatment protocols for them. This article reviews the plausible etiologies and the correlates of sexual aggression by children to delineate the necessary treatment elements for them and their families.
    Journal of Offender Rehabilitation. 01/2001; 33(2):15-32.