Rituximab treatment of fibrillary glomerulonephritis.

Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.
American Journal of Kidney Diseases (Impact Factor: 5.29). 10/2008; 52(6):1158-62. DOI: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2008.07.011
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Fibrillary glomerulonephritis belongs to a group of disorders characterized by pathogenic deposition of fibrils in glomeruli. This glomerulopathy tends to progress to end-stage kidney disease, and there currently are no treatments of proven benefit, including corticosteroids and cytotoxic agents. Because the glomerular deposits contain an immunoglobulin component, it was postulated that anti-B-cell therapy with rituximab, an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, may be effective in the treatment of patients with fibrillary glomerulonephritis. We describe 3 patients with fibrillary glomerulonephritis who were treated with rituximab for nephrotic-range proteinuria. Each patient also received standard antiproteinuria therapy, including blockade of the renin-angiotensin system and strict blood pressure control. All patients showed a decrease in proteinuria to less than 1.5 g/d of protein by 27 months, and kidney function was preserved throughout the duration of therapy and follow-up. No adverse effects were seen with rituximab. These outcomes suggest that treatment with rituximab may be a promising approach to the management of fibrillary glomerulonephritis, an entity previously considered refractory to therapy.

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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Fibrillary glomerulonephritis (GN) is a rare disorder with poor renal prognosis. Therapeutic strategies, particularly the use of immunosuppressive drugs, are debated. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 27 adults with fibrillary GN referred to 15 nephrology departments in France between 1990 and 2011 were included. All patients were given renin-angiotensin system blockers and 13 received immunosuppressive therapy, including rituximab (7 patients) and cyclophosphamide (3 patients). OUTCOMES & MEASUREMENTS: Clinical and histologic features of patients and kidney disease outcome. Renal response was defined as a >50% decrease in 24-hour proteinuria with <15% decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). RESULTS: All patients presented with proteinuria, associated with nephrotic syndrome (41%), hematuria (73%), and hypertension (70%). Baseline median eGFR was 49 mL/min/1.73 m(2). Eight patients had a history of autoimmune disease and none had evidence of hematologic malignancy during follow-up. Light microscopic studies showed mesangial GN (70%), predominant pattern of membranous GN (19%), or membranoproliferative GN (11%). By immunofluorescence, immunoglobulin G (IgG) deposits (IgG4, 15/15; IgG1, 9/15) were polyclonal in 25 cases. Serum IgG subclass distribution was normal in the 6 patients tested. After a median 46-month follow-up, renal response occurred in 6 of 13 patients who received immunosuppressive therapy with rituximab (5 patients) or cyclophosphamide (1 patient). Of these, 5 had a mesangial or membranous light microscopic pattern, and median eGFR before therapy was 76 mL/min/1.73 m(2). In contrast, chronic kidney disease progressed in 12 of 14 patients who were not given immunosuppressive therapy, 10 of whom reached end-stage renal disease. LIMITATIONS: Number of patients, retrospective study, use of multiple immunosuppressive regimens. CONCLUSIONS: The therapeutic approach in fibrillary GN remains challenging. The place of immunosuppressive therapy, particularly anti-B-cell agents, needs to be assessed in larger collaborative studies.
    American Journal of Kidney Diseases 06/2013; · 5.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although clinical presentation of fibrillary glomerulonephritis is similar to most forms of glomerulonephritis, it is usually difficult to make the diagnosis. Clinical manifestations include proteinuria, microscopic haematuria, nephrotic syndrome, and impairment of renal function. A diagnosis of fibrillary glomerulonephritis is only confirmed by renal biopsy and it must comprise electronmicroscopy-verified ultrastructural findings. We report four cases between 45-50 years old with documented type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and arterial hypertension. All patients were found to have fibrils on kidney biopsy. The differential diagnosis of fibrils in the setting of diabetes mellitus is also discussed.
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Fibrillary glomerulopathy (FG) can occur either alone or co-existing with other proteinuric glomerular disorders. FG has been associated with poor renal outcomes leading to End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). Since FG is a relatively rare disorder, limited information is available concerning treatment protocols. We present two patients with FG who were treated with rituximab after they had already progressed to stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD) with worsening proteinuria. Rituximab therapy resulted in long-term stabilization of renal function.
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