A celebration of wine: wine IS medicine.

Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, China.
Inflammopharmacology 10/2008; 16(5):240-4. DOI: 10.1007/s10787-008-8024-9
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Wine describes a diverse commodity class composed of the yeast fermentation products of the must, or juice, pressed from grapes, the fruit of genus Vitis, but both in animal and human studies, wine demonstrates beneficial properties that are independent from the presence of alcohol. These benefits for health are mostly associated with polyphenols, and are absorbable from wine but poorly from unfermented grape juice. Dealcoholised wine is providing all the benefits without the toxicity, and is very affordable; improvements in the organoleptic quality of dealcoholised wine(s) as well as massive distribution are current challenges.

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    ABSTRACT: This present research is aimed at evaluating the impact of a multi-fruit wine obtained from a blend of five fruits on serum urea, albumin and total tissue protein in albino Wistar rats. Seventy (70) albino Wistar rats were randomly divided into seven (7) study groups of ten rats per group (n=10). The animals were placed on either low (corresponding to four standard drinks) or high (six standard drinks) doses of multi-fruit wine with additives (MFWA) or plain wine (MFWP), low doses of red wine or cashew wine. All animals had free access to normal rat feed and drinking water. The feeding regimens lasted for 2 weeks. The result showed no significant difference (p≥0.05) in serum urea, protein homogenate and supernatant tissue protein among groups administered the multi-fruit wine. High dose of multi-fruit wine plain (H-MFWP) and low dose of red wine (STD 1) increased serum albumin concentrations significantly (p<0.05) compared with the control. Results of the investigation showed no adverse alteration in the biochemical parameters of the experimental animals following administration of the multi-fruit wine, suggesting that the multi-fruit wine can be used alongside other therapeutic purposes associated with the maintenance of the kidney and liver function. Key words: albumin, multi-fruit wine, standard wines, tissue protein, urea.