[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nearly a quarter of all active U.S. physicians are international medical graduates (IMGs)--physicians trained outside the United States and Canada. We describe changes in characteristics of IMGs from 1981 to 2001 and compare them with their U.S. medical graduate (USMG) counterparts. Since 1981, the leading source countries for IMGs have included India, the Philippines, and Mexico. IMGs were more likely to be generalists and to practice in designated underserved areas than USMGs but slightly less likely to practice in isolated small rural areas and persistent-poverty counties. IMGs are an important source of primary care physicians in rural and underserved areas.
Health Affairs 07/2007; 26(4):1159-69. · 4.64 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There is a need to encourage careers in rural medicine and to prepare potential rural physicians for life in rural communities. The authors describe a program that addresses this need, the Appalachian Preceptorship Program, and report the program's experience from 1985 to 2004. The Appalachian Preceptorship is a four-week summer elective conducted by the Department of Family Medicine of East Tennessee State University (ETSU) that offers students clinical preceptorships in rural areas of southern Appalachia. By the conclusion of the 2004 preceptorships, the program had served 225 medical students from 95 medical schools across the country and abroad. The program combines an individual community-based preceptorship with an interactive group instructional block, emphasizes rural medicine, and provides students an understanding of the interface between culture and medicine in southern Appalachia. Follow-up of Appalachian Preceptorship students during the 18-year period studied demonstrates that 82% of the 157 participants who matched before 2004 had selected residencies in primary care, with 60% entering family medicine. Those completing the program were more than three times as likely to practice in a rural community compared with the national average. Fifty-six percent of their practice settings carry multiple rural or underserved designations. The program has helped transform a legislative mandate to train doctors for rural communities into an institutional culture leading to more extensive programs and a greater recognition of ETSU's rural mission. The authors encourage other medical schools to develop combined clinical/classroom electives that reflect their institutional priorities and that can address a wide variety of clinical interests.
Academic Medicine 09/2005; 80(8):717-23. · 3.47 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Rural areas of the United States are perennially medically underserved, and the state of Illinois is no exception. A recent survey showed that 75 of Illinois' 84 rural counties are primary care physician shortage areas. In response to this chronic physician shortage, the Illinois Rural Medical Education (RMED) Program was developed by the University of Illinois College of Medicine at Rockford. The RMED program is a comprehensive, multifaceted program that combines recruitment, admissions, curriculum, support, and evaluation components and is longitudinal across all 4 years of the medical school experience. The admissions process seeks to select students who possess traits indicative of success in eventual rural family practice. These traits are fostered and developed by the 4-year rural curriculum, which emphasizes family medicine, community-oriented primary care, the physician functioning in the context of community, relevant aspects of the "hidden" curriculum, and service learning. After 6 years, RMED has graduated 39 physicians; 69% have gone into family practice, and a total of 82% have selected primary care residencies.
Family medicine 02/2000; 32(1):17-21. · 0.85 Impact Factor
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