The perception of accessibility in Web development by academy, industry and government: a survey of the Brazilian scenario
ABSTRACT Accessibility has become a serious issue to be considered by various sectors of the society. However, what are the differences between the perception of accessibility by academy, government and industry? In this paper, we present an analysis of this issue based on a large survey carried out with 613 participants involved with Web development, from all of the 27 Brazilian states. The paper presents results from the data analysis for each sector, along with statistical tests regarding the main different issues related to each of the sectors, such as: government and law, industry and techniques, academy and education. The concern about accessibility law is poor even amongst people from government sector. The analyses have also pointed out that the academy has not been addressing accessibility training accordingly. The knowledge about proper techniques to produce accessible contents is better than other sectors’, but still limited in industry. Stronger investments in training and in the promotion of consciousness about the law may be pointed as the most important tools to help a more effective policy on Web accessibility in Brazil.
- SourceAvailable from: Sandra M. Aluisio
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- "No entanto, para grande maioria dos casos, os responsáveis pela elaboração do conteúdo não são também os responsáveis pelo desenvolvimento do site ou aplicação web. Autores de conteúdo contratam outros indivíduos que sejam desenvolvedores web para implementar seus sites, ou até mesmo, no contexto da Web 2.0, os próprios usuários são disseminadores de informação nas aplicações web e por isso, muitas vezes, não possuem conhecimento a respeito das diretrizes de acessibilidade na web . Um outro aspecto a ser destacado diz respeito ao fato de que usuários com baixo nível de alfabetização, são, muitas vezes também, classificados como analfabetos computacionais , portanto requerem interações simples de utilização, dadas sua dificuldade e pouca familiaridade com o uso de sistemas computacionais. "
ABSTRACT: Although there are recently multiple ways of delivering me- dia on the web, most web contents are still mainly presented in the textual form. The heavy use of texts pose an acces- sibility barrier to those who do not read uently because of both the length and linguistic complexity of the written texts. To deal with that barrier, this paper presents the Fa- cilita, an assistive technology to help lower literacy users to comprehend web applications' textual content. Facilita au- tomatically generates accessible content from web pages, us- ing syntactic simplication and summarization techniques. It is also described the use of technologies aiming at keep- ing users interactions simple, since lower literacy users, fre- quently, also show lower computer skills.
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ABSTRACT: Accessibility of e-government services is a key issue for people with disabilities. E-government services can significantly save lot of their effort and provide them with lot of easy to reach services. Yet, accessibility of e-government websites is still under-explored topic in Jordan. In order to understand the accessibility of e-government websites and its problems, this study evaluates a set of e-government websites using 20 blind and visually impaired volunteers and at the same time conducts a survey on e-government websites developers. The results from e-government websites accessibility evaluation are compared with expert's review. For both the evaluation and the survey we used a set of accessibility guidelines developed by W3C [i.e. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG 2.0)], Section 508 of the US Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1998, and other literature review. In order to evaluate a reasonable number of e-government Web sites, a set of common e-government websites visited by the blind community were identified and a set of specific common tasks to test were defined. The analysis of the research results revealed a serious weakness in understanding, adopting and implementing Web accessibility guidelines throughout nearly all Jordanian e-government websites. Improving awareness, training developers and users, and developing formal guidelines of Web accessibility are needed to enable visually impaired and blind users in accessing e-government Web sites and their services. Further research analysis discusses and identifies key areas in which e-government accessibility can be enhanced.Behaviour and Information Technology 03/2013; DOI:10.1080/0144929X.2011.630416 · 0.84 Impact Factor
Conference Paper: Facilita: reading assistance for low-literacy readers.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Texts are the media content primarily available on Web sites and applications. However, this heavy use of texts creates an accessibility barrier to those who cannot read fluently in their mother tongue due to both text length and linguistic complexity. To offer an accessible alternative to these readers, shorter and simplified versions of text content should be provided. Taking that into consideration, this paper introduces Facilita, an assistive technology to help lower-literacy users to understand the text content of Web applications. Facilita generates an accessible content from Web pages automatically, using summarization and simplification techniques. It is also important to consider interface design requirements, since Facilita's target audience (the functionally illiterate) is often classified as computer illiterate as well. Thus, interaction and user interface design were developed considering the limitations and skills of the functionally illiterate.Proceedings of the 27th Annual International Conference on Design of Communication, SIGDOC 2009, Bloomington, Indiana, USA, October 5-7, 2009; 01/2009