The perception of accessibility in Web development by academy, industry and government: a survey of the Brazilian scenario
ABSTRACT Accessibility has become a serious issue to be considered by various sectors of the society. However, what are the differences between the perception of accessibility by academy, government and industry? In this paper, we present an analysis of this issue based on a large survey carried out with 613 participants involved with Web development, from all of the 27 Brazilian states. The paper presents results from the data analysis for each sector, along with statistical tests regarding the main different issues related to each of the sectors, such as: government and law, industry and techniques, academy and education. The concern about accessibility law is poor even amongst people from government sector. The analyses have also pointed out that the academy has not been addressing accessibility training accordingly. The knowledge about proper techniques to produce accessible contents is better than other sectors’, but still limited in industry. Stronger investments in training and in the promotion of consciousness about the law may be pointed as the most important tools to help a more effective policy on Web accessibility in Brazil.
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ABSTRACT: In this paper we describe a web content adaptation tool for assisting low-literacy readers to access online information. The "Educational FACILITA" tool provides innovative features and the design of more intuitive interaction models. Especially, we propose an interaction model and web application that explore the Natural Language Processing tasks of lexical elaboration and named entity labeling for improving web accessibility.Proceedings of the International Cross-Disciplinary Conference on Web Accessibility, W4A 2010, Raleigh, NC, USA, April 26 - 27, 2010; 01/2010
Conference Proceeding: Facilita: reading assistance for low-literacy readers.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Texts are the media content primarily available on Web sites and applications. However, this heavy use of texts creates an accessibility barrier to those who cannot read fluently in their mother tongue due to both text length and linguistic complexity. To offer an accessible alternative to these readers, shorter and simplified versions of text content should be provided. Taking that into consideration, this paper introduces Facilita, an assistive technology to help lower-literacy users to understand the text content of Web applications. Facilita generates an accessible content from Web pages automatically, using summarization and simplification techniques. It is also important to consider interface design requirements, since Facilita's target audience (the functionally illiterate) is often classified as computer illiterate as well. Thus, interaction and user interface design were developed considering the limitations and skills of the functionally illiterate.Proceedings of the 27th Annual International Conference on Design of Communication, SIGDOC 2009, Bloomington, Indiana, USA, October 5-7, 2009; 01/2009
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ABSTRACT: Accessibility is becoming more and more relevant in Information technologies, such as the Web and software applications, particularly due to the push on legislation to make public services accessible to everyone. While most accessibility issues are envisioned by the developer-user dichotomy, several stakeholders are responsible for the successful implementation of accessible software and services for all users. In this paper we present an exploratory study on the current state of accessibility as perceived by its main stakeholders: developers, service providers, public bodies, accessibility assessors, and elderly and people with disabilities. By surveying more than 400 individuals, we have confirmed some of the expectations and results from other surveys, such as the perception about the lack of understanding and application of Web accessibility guidelines. We have found that this issue gets even worse outside the scope of the Web, for all stakeholders. Another eye-opening finding is that all stakeholders are welcome to the simulation of assistive technologies, in order to widen the perception and involvement of accessibility in the software development process. KeywordsAccessibility-Stakeholders-Survey06/2010: pages 561-568;