Body mass index, respiratory function and bronchial hyperreactivity in allergic rhinitis and asthma
ABSTRACT Several studies have outlined a possible relationship between an increased body mass index (BMI) and respiratory allergic diseases, such as asthma and rhinitis. The aim of the study was to analyse the relationship between BMI and allergic diseases, including allergic rhinitis and asthma, and functional parameters, such as nasal airflow, FEV(1), and non-specific BHR to methacholine, in a cohort of navy army subjects.
The study included 100 patients with moderate-severe persistent allergic rhinitis alone, 100 with intermittent allergic asthma alone, and 100 healthy controls. All subjects were evaluated performing skin prick test, spirometry, and bronchostimulation test with methacholine. Rhinomanometry was performed in patients with rhinitis.
BMI values were significantly lower in control subjects with respect to patients with rhinitis (P=0.0002) and with respect to patients with asthma (P<0.0001). BMI was also significantly higher in males with respect to females (P=0.005). A significant relationship has been observed between some categories of BHR and BMI either in patients with rhinitis (P<0.01) or in patients with asthma (P<0.01), whereas there was no association between BMI and functional parameters.
This study provides the first evidence of a significant relationship between BMI and allergic rhinitis and between BMI and BHR in both allergic disorders.
Allergology International 01/2015; 64(1):104-5. DOI:10.1016/j.alit.2014.08.007
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ABSTRACT: Adolescents with a history of incarceration face a disproportionate number of health issues compared with their peers in virtually all areas, including perceived well-being; self-esteem; acute, chronic, and psychosocial disorders; and physical activity. Some studies have shown correlates of weight status and incarceration; however, the literature is conflicting. The current study sought to assess weight patterns of primarily minority urban youth (N = 548) entering a juvenile justice facility as well as associations between medications and weight status. Results indicate incarcerated adolescents have higher rates of overweight and obesity (40%) in comparison with nonincarcerated adolescents in the state (20 to 30%) or surrounding community (30 to 34%). Of interest, incarcerated adolescents taking asthma medications have significantly higher rates of overweight and obesity when compared with those not taking asthma medications. The clinical implications of these findings are discussed and implications for future research explored. © The Author(s) 2014.Journal of Correctional Health Care 01/2015; 21(1):45-52. DOI:10.1177/1078345814557793
Archivos argentinos de pediatría 08/2013; 111(4):322-327. DOI:10.5546/aap.2013.322 · 0.29 Impact Factor