Generalized Commutator Formulas

Communications in Algebra (Impact Factor: 0.36). 04/2011; 39:1441-1454. DOI: 10.1080/00927871003738964

ABSTRACT Let A be an algebra which is a direct limit of module finite algebras over a commutative ring R with 1. Let I, J be two-sided ideals of A, GL n (A, I) the principal congruence subgroup of level I in GL n (A), and E n (A, I) the relative elementary subgroup of level I. Using Bak's localization-patching method, we prove the commutator formula which is a generalization of the standard commutator formular. This answers a problem posed by Stepanov and Vavilov.

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    ABSTRACT: Let $\Phi$ be a reduced irreducible root system of rank $\ge 2$, let $R$ be a commutative ring and let $I,J$ be two ideals of $R$. In the present paper we describe generators of the commutator groups of relative elementary subgroups $\big[E(\Phi,R,I),E(\Phi,R,J)\big]$ both as normal subgroups of the elementary Chevalley group $E(\Phi,R)$, and as groups. Namely, let $x_{\a}(\xi)$, $\a\in\Phi$, $\xi\in R$, be an elementary generator of $E(\Phi,R)$. As a normal subgroup of the absolute elementary group $E(\Phi,R)$, the relative elementary subgroup is generated by $x_{\a}(\xi)$, $\a\in\Phi$, $\xi\in I$. Classical results due to Michael Stein, Jacques Tits and Leonid Vaserstein assert that as a group $E(\Phi,R,I)$ is generated by $z_{\a}(\xi,\eta)$, where $\a\in\Phi$, $\xi\in I$, $\eta\in R$. In the present paper, we prove the following birelative analogues of these results. As a normal subgroup of $E(\Phi,R)$ the relative commutator subgroup $\big[E(\Phi,R,I),E(\Phi,R,J)\big]$ is generated by the following three types of generators: i) $\big[x_{\alpha}(\xi),z_{\alpha}(\zeta,\eta)\big]$, ii) $\big[x_{\alpha}(\xi),x_{-\alpha}(\zeta)\big]$, and iii) $x_{\alpha}(\xi\zeta)$, where $\alpha\in\Phi$, $\xi\in I$, $\zeta\in J$, $\eta\in R$. As a group, the generators are essentially the same, only that type iii) should be enlarged to iv) $z_{\alpha}(\xi\zeta,\eta)$. For classical groups, these results, with much more computational proofs, were established in previous papers by the authors. There is already an amazing application of these results, namely in the recent work of Alexei Stepanov on relative commutator width.
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    ABSTRACT: We revisit localisation and patching method in the setting of Chevalley groups. Introducing certain subgroups of relative elementary Chevalley groups, we develop relative versions of the conjugation calculus and the commutator calculus in Chevalley groups $G(\Phi,R)$, $\rk(\Phi)\geq 2$, which are both more general, and substantially easier than the ones available in the literature. For classical groups such relative commutator calculus has been recently developed by the authors in \cite{RZ,RNZ}. As an application we prove the mixed commutator formula, \[ \big [E(\Phi,R,\ma),C(\Phi,R,\mb)\big ]=\big [E(\Phi,R,\ma),E(\Phi,R,\mb)\big], \] for two ideals $\ma,\mb\unlhd R$. This answers a problem posed in a paper by Alexei Stepanov and the second author.
    Journal of Algebra 07/2013; 385:262-293. · 0.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present paper is the [slightly expanded] text of our talk at the Conference "Advances in Group Theory and Applications" at Porto Cesareo in June 2011. Our main results assert that [elementary] Chevalley groups very rarely have finite commutator width. The reason is that they have very few commutators, in fact, commutators have finite width in elementary generators. We discuss also the background, bounded elementary generation, methods of proof, relative analogues of these results, some positive results, and possible generalisations.


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