Caritas - caring as an ethical conduct
ABSTRACT The aim of this theoretical study is to describe and analyze caritas by seeking the primary source for this phenomenon, which is used as a central motive in Eriksson's Caritative Theory. The search for the origin and the essence of caritas by critical analysis will create an opportunity to assimilate new meaning into the practice of caring science. This new meaning, based on interpretation, will also act as a solid base for the creation of future theories within caring science. Although this study does not intend to create a new theory for this domain, an attempt is made to shed light on new understandings to establish a deeper foundation for further discussion. Therefore, the methodological basis used is the hermeneutics phenomenology described by Nygren. The starting points refer to three basic assumptions, the former two of which present the core of caring science as an academic discipline; the latter borrows from philosophical creation theology. Therefore, the path for analyzing caritas and the significance of developing a deeper and meaningful understanding are based on the writing of Eriksson as well as through historical and philosophical sources from Judaism, such as the Bible and the Talmud. The results of this study have introduced a new meaning and created a 'space' for caritas. These results are related to the notion of attitudes, being driven by curiosity and questioning, that link faith and scientific investigation. Above all, these attitudes form a central motive profoundly linked to love. Hence, caritas as an attitude turns the concept of care into a more ethical act. However, these new understandings have given rise to ethical questions that obligate consideration towards further study.
SourceAvailable from: Beata Dobrowolska[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cuber T. Care concept in medical and nursing students' descriptions – Philosophical approach and implications for medical education. Abstract Introduction. Care is seen as something that is peculiar to the medical sciences but its meaning and status for physicians and nurses differs. Objectives. The aim of this research was to learn how nursing and medical students understand and define care, and how their definition and views on their practice of caring change as they advance through their studies. Material and methods. The study was conducted among two groups of students: before and after their first practicum (n=102). Analysis of the students' answers was carried out using Colaizzi's phenomenological descriptive methodology, which means that a qualitative approach was used. Results. The qualitative analysis shows that the medical and nursing students define care in the same way, using 9 main categories: compassion, commitment, competence, confidence, conscience, communication, patience, courage and support. The nursing students viewed their caring to be within both practical and emotional dimensions and this was a core feature of their identity as nurses. Medical students, on the other hand, viewed the practical dimension of care as an additional activity. All the students in the study underlined the importance of having time to care and showed that, for them, 'time' in this context has a moral meaning. What was interesting to the research team centered on the initial attitudes to 'caring' from both medical and nursing students. Conclusions. We found that students of both nursing and medicine do not begin their studies with different attitudes and concepts of care. However, after their initial exposure to practical placements a process begins which forges different identities around the concept of care. This implies trends in the division of professional roles during their initial education.Annals of agricultural and environmental medicine: AAEM 12/2014; 21(21):854-860. DOI:10.5604/12321966.1129946 · 3.06 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background: Nurses have already for decades tried to develop their work to be based on scientific knowledge and ethics. Caring has long roots in nursing. Aims: The aim of this article is to analyze the phenomenon of caring in nursing: to identify of which elements caring (loving caring, love for fellow humans) in nursing is constructed according to nursing students. Methodology: The research subjects are Finnish nursing students (N = 20), who already had experience and knowledge of nursing theory. They were asked to write their views of the meaning of caring and of what kinds of features it consists. The data was analyzed with the inductive qualitative content analysis. Results: This article describes and discusses the features and factors of caring in nursing students' opinions during studies, and creates a model of caring. Conclusions: This article pays attention to how learning about caring and caring in nursing could be improved during nursing education as the most essential element in nursing is the sensibility to feel love for one's neighbor.
Beyond Money - The Social Roots for Health and Wellbeing, 1th edited by F. Sarracino and M. Mikucka, 01/2014: chapter 10: pages 165- 211; Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 400 Oser Avenue, Suite 1600 Hauppauge, NY 11788., ISBN: 978-1-63321-002-8